Kazutomo Imahori

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Using immunohistochemistry, we examined the localization of four types of proline-directed kinases in the brains of control rats and in the brains of non-demented aged human subjects, subjects with Alzheimer’s disease and those with Down’s syndrome. The four kinases were: cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) 5, a component of tau protein kinase (TPK) II; TPK(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by neuronal cell death and two kinds of deposits, neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) and senile plaques. The main component of NFT is paired helical filaments (PHF), which mainly consist of hyperphosphorylated tau protein. Tau protein kinases I and II were found as candidate enzymes responsible for hyperphosphorylation(More)
We show here that amyloid beta peptide1-42 (Abeta1-42) may play a key role in the pathogenesis of the cholinergic dysfunction seen in Alzheimer's disease (AD), in addition to its putative role in amyloid plaque formation. Abeta1-42 freshly solubilized in water (non-aged Abeta1-42), which was not neurotoxic without preaggregation, suppressed acetylcholine(More)
We surveyed a total of 570 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from a variety of diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 236), non-AD-demented and nondemented diseases (n = 239), and normal controls (n = 95) to quantitate levels of tau protein phosphorylated at serine 199 (CSF/phospho-tau199) by a recently established sandwich ELISA. The(More)
We previously reported that tau protein kinase I (TPKI) induced normal tau protein into a state of paired helical filaments (PHF); this is further confirmed here by immunoblot analysis using several antibodies. We also present the amino acid sequence of TPKI, which is identical to glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3 beta). Moreover, we found that TPKI(More)
According to the amyloid hypothesis for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease, beta-amyloid peptide (betaA) directly affects neurons, leading to neurodegeneration and tau phosphorylation. In rat hippocampal culture, betaA exposure activates tau protein kinase I/glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (TPKI/GSK-3beta), which phosphorylates tau protein into Alzheimer(More)
One of the histopathological markers in Alzheimer's disease is the accumulation of hyperphosphorylated tau in neurons called neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) composing paired helical filaments (PHF). Combined tau protein kinase II (TPK II), which consists of CDK5 and its activator (p23), and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) phosphorylate tau to the(More)
1. Acetate kinase [EC 2.7.2.1] from an thermophile, B. stearothermophilus, was purified and crystalized. 2. This enzyme was shown to be a tetramer of identical subunits which had a molecular weight of about 40,000. Amino acid analysis showed no SH group. By analyzing the CD spectrum it was deduced that this enzyme is composed of 36% beta-structure, 21%(More)
Exposure of rat hippocampal neurons to the peptide amyloid beta (A beta) (25-35) as well as A beta (1-40) peptides enhances phosphorylation of tau to a paired helical filament (PHF)-state through activation of tau protein kinase I (TPK I)/glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3 beta) [Busciglio, J., Lorenzo, A., Yeh, J. and Yankner, B.A., Neuron, 14 (1995)(More)
Tau protein kinase I (TPKI) isolated from bovine brain has been determined to phosphorylate tau at four distinct sites by detecting modified Ser and Thr residues with protein sequencer. Ser199, Thr231, Ser396 and Ser413 were all found to have been phosphorylated by TPKI (numbering of amino acids was done in relation to the longest human tau [Neuron, 3(More)