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BACKGROUND Glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs) are active in the detoxification of a wide variety of toxins and carcinogens. The genetic polymorphisms of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 genes have been studied to estimate the relative risk of various cancers. In the current study, we examined the association of the GST gene polymorphisms with familial prostate cancer(More)
PURPOSE Prostate cancer epidemiology has been marked overall by a downward risk migration over time. However, in some populations, both in the United States and abroad, many men are still diagnosed with high-risk and/or advanced disease. Primary androgen deprivation therapy (PADT) is frequently offered to these patients, and disease risk prediction is not(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen is one of the crucial hormones participating in the proliferation and carcinogenesis of the prostate glands. Genetic polymorphisms in the estrogen metabolism pathway might be involved in the risk of prostate carcinoma development. The authors evaluated the association between genetic polymorphisms in estrogen-related enzymes and(More)
Association between genetic polymorphisms of CYP1A1 and familial prostate cancer risk was examined by a case-control study of 185 individuals. Although the individual analysis of m1 or m2 genotype of CYP1A1 showed no significant association with prostate cancer risk, the presence of any mutated alleles significantly increased prostate cancer risk in(More)
Prostate cancer incidence and mortality in most native Asian populations have gradually increased, but are around one-third lower than in corresponding Asian-American cohorts, which are themselves lower than the rates observed in other American cohorts. Although genetic and environmental factors, particularly a Western diet, could partially explain these(More)
An association between the Pro/Pro genotype of p53 codon 72 and a lower risk of prostate cancer in Caucasians was recently reported. However, the association of this polymorphism with prostate cancer risk in a Japanese population has not been clarified. We performed a case-control study consisting of 114 prostate cancer patients and 105 noncancer controls.(More)
Genistein is a major component of soybean isoflavone and has multiple functions resulting in antitumor effects. Prostate cancer is 1 of the targets for the preventive role of genistein. We examined the effect of genistein on human prostate cancer (LNCaP and PC-3) cells. Proliferation of both cell lines was inhibited by genistein treatment in a(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the incidence and severity of rectal bleeding after high-dose hypofractionated radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer, and to explore the factors affecting the incidence of Grade 2 or worse rectal bleeding. METHODS AND MATERIALS The data of 52 patients who had been treated by external beam RT for localized prostate cancer between(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) velocity, PSA slope, and PSA doubling time (PSADT) in men with positive biopsies, negative biopsies, and no biopsy indications 4 years after an initial screening; and to use this information to improve the test characteristics in the early detection of prostate cancer and provide normal values for(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed the usefulness of combined multi-voxel magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and MR imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of prostate cancer localization. PATIENTS AND METHODS MRS and MRI were performed in 21 patients with prostate cancer. On T2-weighted images, tumor localization was based on low signal intensity in the peripheral zone.(More)