Kazutaka Murayama

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The concave surface of the crescent-shaped Bin-amphiphysin-Rvs (BAR) domain is postulated to bind to the cell membrane to induce membrane deformation of a specific curvature. The Rac binding (RCB) domain/IRSp53-MIM homology domain (IMD) has a dimeric structure that is similar to the structure of the BAR domain; however, the RCB domain/IMD has a(More)
Obg comprises a unique family of high-molecular mass GTPases conserved from bacteria to eukaryotes. Bacterial Obg is essential for cellular growth, sporulation, and differentiation. Here, we report the crystal structure of the full-length form of Obg from Thermus thermophilus HB8 at 2.07 A resolution, in the nucleotide-free state. It reveals a three-domain(More)
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are thiol-dependent peroxidases that catalyze the detoxification of various peroxide substrates such as H2O2, peroxinitrite, and hydroperoxides, and control some signal transduction in eukaryotic cells. Prxs are found in all cellular organisms and represent an enormous superfamily. Recent genome sequencing projects and biochemical(More)
tmRNA and small protein B (SmpB) are essential trans-translation system components. In the present study, we determined the crystal structure of SmpB in complex with the entire tRNA domain of the tmRNA from Thermus thermophilus. Overall, the ribonucleoprotein complex (tRNP) mimics a long-variable-arm tRNA (class II tRNA) in the canonical L-shaped tertiary(More)
The nuclear pore complex mediates the transport of macromolecules across the nuclear envelope (NE). The vertebrate nuclear pore protein Nup35, the ortholog of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Nup53p, is suggested to interact with the NE membrane and to be required for nuclear morphology. The highly conserved region between vertebrate Nup35 and yeast Nup53p is(More)
Interactions of Bcl-2 family proteins play a regulatory role in mitochondrial apoptosis. The pro-apoptotic protein Bak resides in the outer mitochondrial membrane, and the formation of Bak homo- or heterodimers is involved in the regulation of apoptosis. The previously reported structure of the human Bak protein (residues Glu16-Gly186) revealed that a zinc(More)
Sterol carrier protein 2 (SCP-2), also known as nonspecific lipid transfer protein, is a ubiquitous intracellular ~13 kDa protein found in mammals, insects, plants, archaea, and bacteria. Vertebrate SCP-2 has been implicated in a wide range of lipid-related functions in vitro, although its actual physiological role is still unknown. Tunnels in the protein(More)
The Rac-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) Asef is activated by binding to the tumor suppressor adenomatous polyposis coli mutant, which is found in sporadic and familial colorectal tumors. This activated Asef is involved in the migration of colorectal tumor cells. The GEFs for Rho family GTPases contain the Dbl homology (DH) domain and the(More)
The human ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 G2 (UBE2G2/UBC7) is involved in protein degradation, including a process known as endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD). The crystal structure of human UBE2G2/UBC7 was solved at 2.56 angstroms resolution. The UBE2G2 structure comprises a single domain consisting of an antiparallel beta-sheet with four(More)
Elongation factor G (EF-G) catalyzes tRNA translocation on the ribosome. Here a cryo-EM reconstruction of the 70S*EF-G ribosomal complex at 7.3 A resolution and the crystal structure of EF-G-2*GTP, an EF-G homolog, at 2.2 A resolution are presented. EF-G-2*GTP is structurally distinct from previous EF-G structures, and in the context of the cryo-EM(More)