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The concave surface of the crescent-shaped Bin-amphiphysin-Rvs (BAR) domain is postulated to bind to the cell membrane to induce membrane deformation of a specific curvature. The Rac binding (RCB) domain/IRSp53-MIM homology domain (IMD) has a dimeric structure that is similar to the structure of the BAR domain; however, the RCB domain/IMD has a(More)
The nuclear pore complex mediates the transport of macromolecules across the nuclear envelope (NE). The vertebrate nuclear pore protein Nup35, the ortholog of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Nup53p, is suggested to interact with the NE membrane and to be required for nuclear morphology. The highly conserved region between vertebrate Nup35 and yeast Nup53p is(More)
Elongation factor G (EF-G) catalyzes tRNA translocation on the ribosome. Here a cryo-EM reconstruction of the 70S*EF-G ribosomal complex at 7.3 A resolution and the crystal structure of EF-G-2*GTP, an EF-G homolog, at 2.2 A resolution are presented. EF-G-2*GTP is structurally distinct from previous EF-G structures, and in the context of the cryo-EM(More)
Rap2-interacting protein x (RPIPx) is a homolog of RPIP8, a specific effector of Rap2 GTPase. The N-terminal region of RPIP8, which contains the RUN domain, interacts with Rap2. Using cell-free synthesis and NMR, we determined that the region encompassing residues 83-255 of mouse RPIPx, which is 40-residues larger than the predicted RUN domain (residues(More)
We developed an Escherichia coli cell-based system to generate proteins containing 3-iodo-L-tyrosine at desired sites, and we used this system for structure determination by single-wavelength anomalous dispersion (SAD) phasing with the strong iodine signal. Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase from Methanocaldococcus jannaschii was engineered to specifically recognize(More)
Cucumisin is a plant serine protease, isolated as an extracellular glycoprotein from the melon fruit Cucumis melo L. var. Prince. Cucumisin is composed of multiple domain modules, including catalytic, protease-associated, and fibronectin-III-like domains. The crystal structure of cucumisin was determined by the multiwavelength anomalous dispersion method(More)
The role(s) of collagenase G (ColG) and collagenase H (ColH) during pancreatic islet isolation remains controversial, possibly due to the enzyme blends used in the previous studies. We herein examined the role of ColG and ColH using highly pure enzyme blends of recombinant collagenase of each subtype. Rat pancreases were digested using thermolysin, together(More)
tmRNA and small protein B (SmpB) are essential trans-translation system components. In the present study, we determined the crystal structure of SmpB in complex with the entire tRNA domain of the tmRNA from Thermus thermophilus. Overall, the ribonucleoprotein complex (tRNP) mimics a long-variable-arm tRNA (class II tRNA) in the canonical L-shaped tertiary(More)
A novel metal ion-independent phospholipase B (PLB₆₈₄) from Streptomyces sp. strain NA684 was purified 264-fold from the culture supernatant with 2.85% recovery (6330 U·mg protein⁻¹). The enzyme functions as a monomer with a molecular mass of 38.9 kDa. Maximum activity was found at pH 8.4 and 50 °C. The substrate specificity was in the order:(More)
The DNA polymerase processivity factor of the Epstein-Barr virus, BMRF1, associates with the polymerase catalytic subunit, BALF5, to enhance the polymerase processivity and exonuclease activities of the holoenzyme. In this study, the crystal structure of C-terminally truncated BMRF1 (BMRF1-DeltaC) was solved in an oligomeric state. The molecular structure(More)