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In self-healing networks, end-to-end restoration schemes have been considered more advantageous than line restoration schemes because of a possible cost reduction of the total capacity to construct a fully restorable network. This paper clarifies the benefit of end-to-end restoration schemes quantitatively through a comparative analysis of the minimum link(More)
Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), also known as drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS), is a severe adverse drug reaction affecting multiple organs caused by drug treatment. The current report describes a man who was prescribed zonisamide for epilepsy and subsequently developed widespread skin rash, acute kidney injury,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To clarify the clinical significance of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors in patients with myeloperoxidase (MPO)-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis, we evaluated the cell surface expression of TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) and TNF receptor 2 (TNFR2). PATIENTS AND METHODS 43 patients with MPO-ANCA-associated(More)
BACKGROUND Diffuse hyperpigmentation is common among patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis (HD). We have examined serum levels of 5-S-cysteinyldopa (5SCD, a pheomelanin precursor), pheomelanin, eumelanin, and protein-bound (PB-) 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and PB-5SCD in HD patients. METHODS Pheomelanin and eumelanin were(More)
This data paper reports spectral reflectance and transmittance data of leaves from 21 terrestrial vascular plant species (seven herbaceous, and 14 broadleaf and long-needle coniferous tree species) and of shoots from one short-needle coniferous tree species. The reflectance spectra of branches of one tree species, of the trunks of 12 tree species and ground(More)
To minimize the adverse effects of high-dose administration of steroids and cyclophosphamide in patients with myeloperoxidase (MPO) antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA), granulocytapheresis (GCAP) or leukocytapheresis (LCAP) was performed to reduce inflammation. Four patients with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) and one patient with(More)
BACKGROUND To clarify the therapeutic impact of tonsillectomy and combined therapies of tonsillectomy plus steroid on the long-term prognosis of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). METHODS A retrospective study was conducted on 208 patients with IgAN between 1986 and 2009. According to the strategies for treatments, patients were divided into four(More)
—Internet telephony is viewed as an emerging technology not only for wireline networks, but also for third generation wireless networks. Although IP end-to-end is considered the ultimate approach for future wireless voice services, there is still a long way to go before IP voice packets can be effectively transported over the air. Therefore, Internet(More)