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The pathological changes of Alzheimer’s disease include the deposition of amyloid β protein (Aβ) as senile plaques in the brain. We hypothesized that the rapid removal of Aβs from the blood may act as a peripheral Aβ drainage sink from the brain. In this study, the plasma Aβ concentrations and the cognitive functions were investigated for in 57 patients on(More)
In self-healing networks, end-to-end restoration schemes have been considered more advantageous than line restoration schemes because of a possible cost reduction of the total capacity to construct a fully restorable network. This paper clarifies the benefit of end-to-end restoration schemes quantitatively through a comparative analysis of the minimum link(More)
Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), also known as drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS), is a severe adverse drug reaction affecting multiple organs caused by drug treatment. The current report describes a man who was prescribed zonisamide for epilepsy and subsequently developed widespread skin rash, acute kidney injury,(More)
The accumulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) protein in the brain reflects the cognitive impairment noted in Alzheimer’s disease. Recent studies have shown that brain Aβ disappeared and cognitive improvement occurred as a result of passive or active Aβ immunization. Peripheral administration of nonimmunization substances, such as GM1 ganglioside, also reduced(More)
We report a case of a 59-year-old woman who had severe metabolic acidosis and hypokalemia due to an enterovesical fistula. The patient came to our hospital complaining of systemic weakness and numbness of the fingers. She was found to have hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis (arterial bicarbonate, 2.8 mEq/l) and hypokalemia (serum potassium, 1.9 mEq/l) and(More)
Bisphenol A [BPA, 2,2-bis(4-hydoxyphenyl)propane], an industrial chemical used in the production of polycarbonate, epoxide resin, and polyarylate, is considered to be an endocrine-disrupting chemical. BPA may be present in some hollow-fiber dialyzers used in hemodialysis. In this study, we tested the amounts of BPA eluted from various hollow fibers.(More)
BACKGROUND Diffuse hyperpigmentation is common among patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis (HD). We have examined serum levels of 5-S-cysteinyldopa (5SCD, a pheomelanin precursor), pheomelanin, eumelanin, and protein-bound (PB-) 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and PB-5SCD in HD patients. METHODS Pheomelanin and eumelanin were(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To clarify the clinical significance of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors in patients with myeloperoxidase (MPO)-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis, we evaluated the cell surface expression of TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) and TNF receptor 2 (TNFR2). PATIENTS AND METHODS 43 patients with MPO-ANCA-associated(More)