Kazutaka Makino

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Acute renal failure is a dose-limiting factor of cisplatin chemotherapy. Here, we show the protective effect of edaravone, a recently developed radical scavenger for clinical use, against cisplatin-induced renal dysfunction in rats. A marked increase in blood urea nitrogen and creatinine in serum, and histological changes including vacuolation, necrosis and(More)
O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) plays a crucial role in the defense against the alkylating agent-induced cytotoxic lesion O(6)-alkylguanine in DNA. Although a significant circadian variation in MGMT activity has been found in the liver of mice, the exact mechanism of the variation remains poorly understood. In this study, we present evidence(More)
Therapeutic drug monitoring of anti-inflammatory drugs is necessary for the identification of the agents that cause toxic events and for the decision on the treatment for intoxication. Recently, capillary electrophoresis (CE) has been developed for the simple and rapid analyses of a variety of chemical agents. Micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC)(More)
A capillary electrophoretic method for the simultaneous determination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim in plasma was developed. Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim extracted from human plasma with ethyl acetate were analyzed at 20 kV and 25 degrees C using 15 mm phosphate buffer (pH 6.2) as the electrolyte. The detection was by UV at 220 nm. The run time(More)
O-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) plays a crucial role in the defense against the alkylating agent-induced cytotoxic lesion O-alkylguanine in DNA. Although a significant circadian variation in MGMT activity has been found in the liver of mice, the exact mechanism of the variation remains poorly understood. In this study, we present evidence that(More)
The circadian clock system is necessary to adapt endogenous physiological functions to daily variations in environmental conditions. Abnormality in circadian rhythms, such as the sleep-wake cycle and the timing of hormonal secretions, is implicated in various physiological and psychiatrical disorders. Recent molecular studies have revealed that oscillation(More)
Inhibitory effects of 2-O-substituted ascorbic acid derivatives, ascorbic acid 2-glucoside (AA-2G), ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (AA-2P), and ascorbic acid 2-sulfate (AA-2S), on 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH)-induced oxidative hemolysis of sheep erythrocytes were studied and were compared with those of ascorbic acid (AA) and other(More)
The effects of a variety of fibrates on the cell viability were examined in human embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma cells (HRMSC). Five fibrates, including fenofibrate, clofibrate, gemfibrozil, bezafibrate and ciprofibrate, all concentration-dependently reduced the cell viability determined by the mitochondrial enzyme activity. The cell injury occurred(More)
A simple liquid chromatography (LC) method was developed for determination of the therapeutic level of mizoribine in human plasma. After precipitation of plasma proteins with 6% perchloric acid, mizoribine was determined by LC with spectophotometric detection. The peak height for mizoribine was linearly related to its concentrations, which ranged from 0.09(More)
Our study aimed to find more effective protective agents against mucosa toxicity induced by methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil. We focused on the relationship between oral mucositis and keratinocyte injury and examined methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil-induced cytotoxicity in normal human epidermal keratinocyte cell lines. Cell viability and superoxide radical(More)