Learn More
BACKGROUND IgG4-sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) patients have an increased level of serum IgG4, dense infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells with extensive fibrosis in the bile duct wall, and a good response to steroid therapy. However, it is not easy to distinguish IgG4-SC from primary sclerosing cholangitis, pancreatic cancer, and cholangiocarcinoma(More)
IgG4 related cholangiopathy, a distinctive type of cholangitis of unknown origin, is characterized by increased serum levels of IgG4, massive infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells with storiform fibrosis and/or obliterative phlebitis in the thickened bile duct wall, and good response to steroids. Patients with IgG4-cholangiopathy are frequently(More)
Recent studies have suggested the existence of two subtypes of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP): type 1 AIP, related to IgG4 (lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis); and type 2 AIP, related to a granulocytic epithelial lesion (idiopathic duct-centric chronic pancreatitis). Compared with type 2 AIP, the clinicopathological features of type 1 AIP, with(More)
OBJECTIVES Although autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) has been recently recognized as a new disease entity of chronic pancreatitis, the clinical diagnosis of the disease remains disputed. Autoantibodies against carbonic anhydrase II and lactoferrin are detected in most patients with AIP, but not in about 10%. We undertook this study to determine whether(More)
Recent studies suggested the existence of two subtypes of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP): type 1 related with IgG4 (lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis; LPSP) and type 2 related with a granulocytic epithelial lesion (idiopathic duct-centric chronic pancreatitis; IDCP). Apart from type 2 AIP, the pathological features of type 1 AIP with increased serum(More)
OBJECTIVE Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a new clinical entity of pancreatic disorder. There are several immunologic and histological abnormalities specific for the disease, including increased levels of serum IgG4 and infiltration of lymphocytes and IgG4-positive plasmacytes. The role of IgG4 is unclear. Recently, regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been(More)
Background & Aims. Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is often associated with abdominal pain, which impairs quality of life. The aim of this prospective study was to clarify whether the use of a low-fat elemental diet (ED) is beneficial for managing pain in patients with CP. Methods. Seventeen CP patients with pain despite fat-restricted dietary and conventional(More)
We previously reported that autoantibodies against carbonic anhydrase II and lactoferrin are frequently identified in patients with autoimmune-related pancreatitis. To clarify the role of carbonic anhydrase II and lactoferrin, we created animal models of autoimmune pancreatitis by immunizing neonatally thymectomized mice with carbonic anhydrase II and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the role of innate immunity in the development of autoimmune pancreatitis in mice induced by toll-like receptor (TLR) stimulation. METHODS Six-week-old female MRL/Mp mice were injected intraperitoneally with polyinosinic polycytidylic acid (poly I:C) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at doses of 5 mg/kg body weight twice weekly for 12(More)
Immunoglobin G4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) is recognized as one of the systemic sclerosing diseases characterized by abundant IgG4-positive plasma cells with effective steroid therapy. On the other hand, primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), recognized as a sclerosing cholangitis of unknown origin without steroid efficacy, has been often(More)