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We retrospectively evaluated the feasibility of measuring brain natriuretic peptide to identify cardiac syncope in 148 consecutive patients with syncope. Sixty-one patients with cardiac syncope were identified. A cut-off value of 40 pg/ml was used to determine the cardiac causes of syncope; the sensitivity and specificity for identification of cardiac(More)
Olprinone is a newly developed phosphodiesterase III inhibitor characterized by several properties. First, olprinone has positive inotropic and vasodilator actions and improves myocardial mechanical efficiency. Second, olprinone augments cerebral blood flow by a direct vasodilatory effect on cerebral arteries. The cerebrovascular reactivity to olprinone is(More)
A 47-year-old man with Degos' disease was examined by echocardiography, which showed hypokinesis of the apical left ventricular wall with pericardial effusion. To evaluate the myocardial perfusion and coronary flow reserve, 201Tl scintigraphy and intracoronary Doppler flowmetry were performed. The coronary flow reserve was not decreased nor was there(More)
Restenosis is a major problem in patients undergoing coronary angioplasty. Reduced uptake of iodine-123-labeled 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-R,S-methylpentadecanoic acid (I-BMIPP-123) relatively to thallium-201 (Tl-201) has been attributed to the metabolic damage in the myocardium in patients with coronary artery disease. Therefore, we performed exercise stress(More)
Relationship between contrast intensity and ultrasound (US) pulsing interval has been utilized to quantify myocardial blood flow (MBF) during myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). We tested if an MCE method employing a simple pulsing sequence during intravenous contrast infusion has the ability to quantify MBF in rats. We performed MCE in 17 rats(More)
Congenital malformation of the right atrium or the coronary sinus is rare, and cases are classified into 1 of the following 4 categories: (1) congenital enlargement of right atrium, (2) single diverticulum, (3) multiple diverticula of the right atrium, and (4) diverticulum of the coronary sinus. This report presents a 63-year-old man with cardiomegaly and(More)
We tested whether the duration of myocardial opacification by harmonic power Doppler imaging after intravenous bolus microbubble injection (with a definition of "the end of opacification") would reflect the remaining vascular bed in infarcted segments. In 28 patients with previous myocardial infarction and 20 control patients, we performed harmonic power(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined whether myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) with harmonic power Doppler (HPD) employing a simple ultrasound pulsing sequence enables estimation of the severity of coronary artery stenosis in patients. BACKGROUND Contrast intensity (CI) during MCE with intravenous microbubble infusion is dependent on the myocardial blood flow(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness of (11)C-acetate positron emission tomography (PET) for assessing the efficacy of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Enrolled in this study were 20 patients with severe heart failure. All patients underwent 11C-acetate PET within 1 week after CRT. The oxygen consumption was measured by the(More)
Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) has been established as a marker of arterial stiffness, which is increased in hypertensive patients. CAVI reflects the stiffness of the aorta, femoral artery, and tibial artery. Sunitinib, multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor with both anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor activities, has been proved effective in patients(More)