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This study aimed to investigate the coordination of multiple control actions involved in human horizontal gaze orienting or arm pointing to a common visual target. The subjects performed a visually triggered reaction time task in three conditions: (1) gaze orienting with a combined eye saccade and head rotation (EH), (2) arm pointing with gaze orienting by(More)
The objective of this multicenter cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence of fatigue and factors contributing to it in a large sample of Japanese patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). We used the 16-item Parkinson Fatigue Scale (PFS-16), which was designed to assess fatigue exclusively associated with PD. We carried out this study using(More)
REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is known to be observed more frequently in patients with an α-synucleinopathy such as Parkinson's disease (PD) than in the general population. The precise prevalence of RBD in Japanese PD patients is not known. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence and the clinical characteristics of patients with RBD in a large(More)
We aimed to characterize the relationship between cardiac sympathetic and parasympathetic dysfunction employing cardiac (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) uptake and other autonomic function parameters in Parkinson's disease (PD). 79 PD patients were studied. We performed (123)I-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy to assess the extent of cardiac sympathetic(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophilia in haemodialysis patients probably results from allergy to haemodialysis-related materials, including dialyzer membranes. We examined the effects of vitamin E-bonded dialyzers on eosinophil counts in haemodialysis patients. METHODS We enrolled seven patients who were on regular haemodialysis and had sustained eosinophilia. White(More)
Argyrophilic grain (ArG) is the main pathological feature of argyrophilic grain disease (AGD) and is clinically characterized by cognitive impairment, behavioral abnormalities, personality changes, and emotional imbalances. However, ArG can not only be found in AGD but also in various other neurological disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD). The(More)
Non-motor symptoms are common in patients with newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease (PD), and some even predate the emergence of the classic motor features. The premotor phase of PD is characterized by several important non-motor features, including constipation, olfactory dysfunction, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), depression, etc. The basis of this(More)
OBJECTIVE This multicenter cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the clinical features and varieties of non-motor fluctuation in Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS To identify motor and non-motor fluctuation, we employed the wearing-off questionnaire of 19 symptoms (WOQ-19) in 464 PD patients. We compared the frequency of levodopa-related fluctuation(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD), which is characterized by degeneration of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons of unclear etiology, is primarily an age-related neurodegenerative disorder, while the normal process of aging is also known to decrease the number of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and the ventral tegmental area (VTA).(More)
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a severe demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by the JC virus; the mortality rate is high and it is usually refractory to treatment. In non-HIV patients, PML occurs as a late consequence of hematologic malignancies or during prolonged immunosuppression for transplantation or(More)