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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a high propensity for persistence. To better define the immunologic determinants of HCV clearance and persistence, we examined the circulating HCV-specific T-cell frequency, repertoire, and cytokine phenotype ex vivo in 24 HCV seropositive subjects (12 chronic, 12 recovered), using 361 overlapping peptides in 36 antigenic pools(More)
Human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) show resistance to apoptosis mediated by several death receptors. Because cellular FLICE/caspase-8-inhibitory protein (cFLIP) is a recently identified intracellular inhibitor of caspase-8 activation that potently inhibits death signaling mediated by all known death receptors, including Fas, TNF-receptor (TNF-R), and(More)
AIM To evaluate the clinical utility of serum fibrosis markers, including YKL-40, in patients with HCV-associated liver disease. METHODS A total of 109 patients with HCV-associated liver disease were enrolled. We measured serum type IV collagen, amino-terminal peptide of type III procollagen (PIIIP), hyaluronic acid (HA), YKL-40 levels and biochemical.(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) is a specific mitogen for vascular endothelial cells that plays a critical role in cancer neoangiogenesis. Here, we report that the nucleolar tumor suppressor p19(ARF) suppresses VEGFA expression, acting at the level of mRNA translation without affecting the transcription of the VEGFA gene. Translational(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces apoptosis in tumor cells, but not in most normal cells. The role of TRAIL in hepatic cell death and hepatic diseases is not well understood. The present study investigated the expression of TRAIL and TRAIL receptors (TRAIL-Rs) in patients with hepatitis C virus infection using(More)
Serum tumor markers, including α-fetoprotein (AFP) and des-γ-carboxy prothrombin (DCP), are currently used in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). There is, however, an aberrant increase in serum DCP in patients with obstructive jaundice, vitamin K deficiency or who are taking warfarin, resulting from a problem with the current methodology for(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection becomes chronic in the majority of patients. Although HCV-specific CD4 T-cell response is associated with HCV clearance, less is known about virus-specific CD8 T-cell or neutralizing antibody (nAb) responses and the role of CD4 help in their induction during acute infection. METHODS HCV-specific(More)
Viral genotype and host ethnicity are important predictors of viral clearance during antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Based on the role of T cells in natural HCV clearance, we hypothesized that T cells may contribute to the genotypic and ethnic difference in treatment outcome. To test this hypothesis, T-cell response to HCV(More)
This study was performed to examine the immunologic basis for the apparent ethnic difference in clinical outcome of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection between African Americans (AA) and Caucasian Americans (CA). To this end, we recruited 99 chronically HCV-infected and 31 spontaneously HCV-cleared subjects for clinical, virologic, and immunologic analysis.(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is constitutively activated in various cancers and plays a crucial role in oncogensis, including the activation of genes encoding apoptosis inhibitors and cell-cycle regulators. We investigated the biological significance of the Janus kinase (Jak)-STAT pathway in human hepatocellular carcinoma(More)