Kazushi Sugimoto

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AIM To evaluate the clinical utility of serum fibrosis markers, including YKL-40, in patients with HCV-associated liver disease. METHODS A total of 109 patients with HCV-associated liver disease were enrolled. We measured serum type IV collagen, amino-terminal peptide of type III procollagen (PIIIP), hyaluronic acid (HA), YKL-40 levels and biochemical.(More)
Human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) show resistance to apoptosis mediated by several death receptors. Because cellular FLICE/caspase-8-inhibitory protein (cFLIP) is a recently identified intracellular inhibitor of caspase-8 activation that potently inhibits death signaling mediated by all known death receptors, including Fas, TNF-receptor (TNF-R), and(More)
UNLABELLED The outcome of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been associated with antiviral CD4 T cell response, human leukocyte antigens (HLA) class II genotypes, and ethnicity. However, HLA class II molecules restrict the nature of CD4 T cell response, and HLA distributions differ between ethnic groups. In this study, we asked whether HLA class II(More)
Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) is a pattern-recognition receptor that is involved in immune signaling and plays a crucial role in cell survival through recognition of various bacterial and viral components including unmethylated CpG-DNA. TLR9 expression and function in cancer cells are not well understood. We investigated the expression of TLR9, and the(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) high-affinity ligand, 15-deoxy-Delta-12,14-PGJ(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), is toxic to malignant cells through cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction. In this study, we investigated the effects of 15d-PGJ(2) on apoptosis induction and expression of apoptosis-related proteins in hepatocellular(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection becomes chronic in the majority of patients. Although HCV-specific CD4 T-cell response is associated with HCV clearance, less is known about virus-specific CD8 T-cell or neutralizing antibody (nAb) responses and the role of CD4 help in their induction during acute infection. METHODS HCV-specific(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is upregulated in a variety of human cancers, including in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), whereas it is undetectable in most normal tissue. Evidence suggests that COX-2 is likely to be involved in hepatocarcinogenesis and, thus, COX-2 may be involved in an early process in carcinogenesis, dedifferentiation. To address this(More)
TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is a member of the TNF family whose transcripts are expressed in various human tissues. Since TWEAK has a variety of biological activities, we investigated TWEAK sensitivity, expression, and physiological role in human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). Tweak receptor was detected in four kinds of HCC cells. TWEAK(More)
Serum tumor markers, including α-fetoprotein (AFP) and des-γ-carboxy prothrombin (DCP), are currently used in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). There is, however, an aberrant increase in serum DCP in patients with obstructive jaundice, vitamin K deficiency or who are taking warfarin, resulting from a problem with the current methodology for(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a high propensity for persistence. To better define the immunologic determinants of HCV clearance and persistence, we examined the circulating HCV-specific T-cell frequency, repertoire, and cytokine phenotype ex vivo in 24 HCV seropositive subjects (12 chronic, 12 recovered), using 361 overlapping peptides in 36 antigenic pools(More)