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Trochlear nerve schwannoma without neurofibromatosis is extremely rare. To our knowledge, only 31 surgical cases have been reported to date, and only 2 cases of trochlear nerve schwannoma with intratumoral hemorrhage have been reported. None of those cases presented with persistent hiccups. We report the case of a 44-year-old man with trochlear nerve(More)
A 23-year-old woman was injured in a rear-end collision. She had general malaise and posterior neck pain, which were more severe when she was in an upright position. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the presence of cerebellar tonsil descensus and syringomyelia in the spinal cord. Radioisotope (RI) cisternography showed signs of an early(More)
The accessory anterior cerebral artery (AccACA) is an anomalous vessel arising from the anterior communicating artery. Although AccACA is not particularly rare, aneurysms arising from the AccACA is extremely rare. Here, we report two cases of unruptured AccACA aneurysms. Patient 1 was a 58-year-old woman with an unruptured distal AccACA aneurysm. Magnetic(More)
A 27-year-old woman presented with rebleeding from an intracranial arteriovenous malformation (AVM) 6 years after radiosurgery. Cerebral angiography demonstrated venous drainage change into a single drainer and cortical reflux due to drainage occlusion into the superior sagittal sinus. During surgery, multiple small feeders thought to be occluded on(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Optimal thresholds for ischemic penumbra detected by CT perfusion (CTP) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) have not been elucidated. In this study we investigated optimal thresholds for salvageable ischemic penumbra and the risk of hemorrhagic transformation (HT). METHODS A total of 156 consecutive patients with AIS(More)
Numerous approaches have been used to access aneurysms of the vertebral artery(VA)-posterior inferior cerebellar artery(PICA)complex for microsurgical clipping. Here, we report the case of a patient with an unruptured aneurysm of the left VA-PICA complex that was successfully treated using a contralateral suboccipital approach. Computed tomography(More)