Kazusei Komatsu

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Two new cytotoxic twelve-membered macrolides, sporiolides A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the cultured broth of a fungus Cladosporium sp., which was separated from an Okinawan marine brown alga Actinotrichia fragilis, and the structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data. Sporiolides A (1) and B (2) exhibited cytotoxicity against murine lymphoma(More)
Three new pyrrolidine alkaloids, scalusamides A-C (1-3), were isolated from the cultured broth of the fungus Penicillium citrinum, which was separated from the gastrointestine of a marine fish, and the structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data. The absolute stereochemistry of C-2 in the pyrrolidine unit was determined by HPLC analysis of a Marfey's(More)
Brasilinolide A (2) is a 32-membered polyhydroxyl macrolide with immunosuppressive activity isolated from a pathogenic actinomycete, Nocardia brasiliensis IFM0406. The absolute configurations at 26 chiral centers of 2 and its new congener, brasilinolide C (1), were determined on the basis of the spectral data of 1 and degradation products derived from 1 and(More)
[structure: see text] A novel pentacyclic alkaloid, citrinadin A (1), was isolated from the cultured broth of the fungus Penicillium citrinum, which was separated from a marine red alga, and the structure was elucidated by spectroscopic data. The relative stereochemistry of the pentacyclic core was assigned on the basis of NOESY data and (1)H-(1)H coupling(More)
Three new tricyclic terpenoids, brasilicardins B-D (2-4), were isolated together with brasilicardin A (1), a potent immunosuppressive compound, from the cultured broth of a pathogenic actinomycete Nocardia brasiliensis IFM0406, and the structures and stereochemistry were determined by spectroscopic data and a single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The(More)
A new polyketide glycoside, cladionol A (1), was isolated from the cultured broth of a fungus Gliocladium sp., which was separated from sea grass Syringodium isoetifolium, and the structure was elucidated by spectroscopic data. The relative stereochemistry of C-2-C-3 was assigned by mainly J-based configuration analysis, while those of two sugar units were(More)
Eleven derivatives (5-13, 15, and 16) of an immunosuppressive and cytotoxic tricyclic terpenoid, brasilicardin A (1), were prepared and assayed for inhibitory effects to the mouse mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) and seven human tumor cell lines. The 17N-methyl form (8) of 1 showed the most potent immunosuppressive activity in mouse MLR, while induction of(More)
Lymphocytes in T cell activation require extracellular nutrients to provide energy for cellular proliferation and effector functions. Therefore, inhibitors of nutrient transporters are expected to be a new class of immunosuppressant. Here, we report that the molecular target of brasilicardin A (BraA), an immunosuppressive compound, is the amino acid(More)
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