Kazusa Ishizaki

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We examined the antiallodynic effect of intrathecally administered serotonin receptor agonists including 5-HT(1A), 5-HT(1B), 5-HT(2) and 5-HT(3) receptor subtypes in a rat model using spinal nerve ligation at L5 and L6. Administration of the 5-HT(2) receptor agonist, alpha-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine maleate (alpha-m-5-HT; 3-100 microg) or(More)
We used the formalin test to clarify the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor subtypes involved in the modulation of spinal nociceptive transmission in rats. Intrathecal administration of a 5-HT1A receptor agonist, 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)-tetraline (8-OH-DPAT; 1, 10, and 30 microg), or a 5-HT1B receptor agonist, 1, 4-dihydro-3-(1, 2, 3,(More)
The antinociceptive effect of sarpogrelate, a new selective 5-hydroxytriptamine (5-HT)(2A) receptor antagonist, in the formalin test was examined in rats. Sarpogrelate was administered intraperitoneally, locally (subcutaneously at the formalin test site) or intrathecally 10 min before formalin injection. Intraperitoneal (1-100 mg/kg) and local (0.01-1 mg)(More)
RATIONALE Airway remodeling is an important feature of chronic asthma that causes irreversible airflow obstruction. Although asthma is considered to be a Th2 disease, the role of T-bet and GATA-3, the key transcription factors for differentiation toward Th1 and Th2 cells, in the pathogenesis of airway remodeling is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES We(More)
Successive loss of function of both alleles of the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene (RB) on human chromosome 13 seems to be critical in the development of retinoblastoma and osteosarcoma. In cases where the tumour is familial and susceptibility is inherited, a mutation in one of the alleles is carried in the germline. We have recently shown that(More)
We analyzed mutations of the p53 gene by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of polymerase chain reaction products and direct sequencing through all coding exons and exon-intron junctions in 32 cases with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Mutations were detected in 15 of 32 (47%) tumor samples, in which G:C to T:A transversions were rather(More)
Human osteosarcomas frequently show loss of alleles on chromosome 17 as well as those on chromosome 13 that harbors the retinoblastoma gene, indicating concerted operation of another tumor-suppressing gene on chromosome 17. To assign the affected gene to a defined region of chromosome 17, we performed mitotic recombination/deletion mapping by the use of 10(More)
Activity of the DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) is an important determinant of responsiveness of tumor cells to chloroethylnitrosoureas (CENUs), representative chemotherapeutic agents for primary malignant gliomas. In order to assess the real states of this repair protein in human malignant gliomas, we assayed AGT activity in(More)
The management of trigeminal neuralgia in older patients who do not want neurolytic block and/or surgical treatment may be problematic. This paper describes three patients who had first and/or second division trigeminal neuralgia. The analgesic effects of infraorbital nerve block using 0.5% bupivacaine or 1% mepivacaine dissipated within a few days,(More)
Somatosensory evoked potential, locomotion and vocalisation upon tail pinch in rats was studied in order to determine whether intrathecal magnesium sulphate administration causes spinal anaesthesia. In Wistar rats with indwelling intrathecal catheters, cortical somatosensory evoked potential was recorded following stimulation via electrodes inserted into(More)