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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of laser irradiation on the enamel surface spectroscopically. Polished bovine enamel surface was irradiated with an Er:YAG laser apparatus and chemically analyzed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). XPS detected core electron peaks such as carbon (C 1s) and nitrogen (N 1s), as well as calcium(More)
OBJECTIVE Biomaterials with anti-microbial properties are highly desirable in the oral cavity. Ideally, bactericidal molecules should be immobilized within the biomaterial to avoid unwanted side-effects against surrounding tissues. They may then however loose much of their antibacterial efficiency. The aim of this study was to investigate how much(More)
OBJECTIVE Intensive mechanical stress and/or inflammation are known to induce alveolar bone resorption. This study investigated whether a distribution of mechanical stress would reduce residual ridge resorption or improve ischaemia. DESIGN Thirty rats were divided into six experimental groups (n=5). The control group received no intentional stimulation,(More)
Glass-ionomers are auto-adhesive to tooth tissue through combined micro-mechanical and chemical bonding. How much each of the two bonding components contributes to the actual bonding effectiveness is, however, not known and there is not much information available on long-term stability. The objective of this study was to assess the bonding effectiveness of(More)
This study investigated the effects of spherical silica filler (SSF) on the workability and mechanical properties of resin-modified glass ionomer cements for luting (RMGICL). Varying powder/liquid ratios (P/L=2.0, 2.2, 2.4, and 2.6) of a commercially available glass ionomer cement (Fuji Lute, GC Corp.) were mixed with SSF at different weight percentages (5,(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the effect polymerization contraction stress may have on bond durability. METHODS Bonding effectiveness was assessed by micro-tensile bond strength testing (muTBS) and electron microscopy. The muTBS to flat dentin surfaces and in standardized cavities was determined (this after 1 day as well as 1 year(More)
The effect of a polyalkenoic acid conditioner pretreatment on the bond strength of a glass-ionomer adhesive to tooth substrates with or without smear layer was evaluated. Smear-layer covered and smear-layer free dentin and enamel surfaces were prepared from 24 extracted human molars. Resin composite was bonded to the surfaces using FujiBond LC with or(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this investigation were to clarify the effects of 24h water-storage and finishing time on mechanical properties and marginal adaptation to a Class V cavity of eight modern flowable resin-composites. METHODS Eight flowable composites, plus two controls (one microfilled and one hybrid composite), were investigated with specimen(More)
This in vitro study evaluated the effect of the initial polishing period through 30 minutes, 3 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours and 1 week after setting on the gap formation around Class V restorations. Three resin-modified glass ionomers, one compomer, one conventional glass ionomer and one microfilled composite were used as controls. When specimens of the two(More)
OBJECTIVES This in vitro study evaluated the effect on interfacial gap-formation around resin-modified glass-ionomer (RMGIC) root surface restorations with (a) variations in powder/liquid ratio (P/L) of the first increment of an incremental procedure, compared with a bulk restoration technique, and (b) delayed versus immediate polishing, to permit(More)