Kazuo Yashima

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) is an isoform of cyclooxygenase, which is the key enzyme converting arachidonic acids to prostaglandins. It has been reported that Cox-2 is overexpressed in colon cancer, and that inhibition of this enzyme activity reduces colon cancer development in humans and animals. However, the significance of Cox-2 in human(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection may be involved in the development of cholangiocarcinoma. The prevalence of HBV and HCV infection was examined in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC). METHODS The levels of HBV surface antigens (HBsAg), antibodies(More)
There is limited information on the molecular changes involved in the pathogenesis of gallbladder carcinoma (GBC). The Fragile Histidine Triad (FHIT) gene, encompassing the FRA3B fragile site at chromosome 3p14.2, is a candidate tumor suppressor gene in a variety of human malignancies. Recent studies have suggested that Fhit inactivation can be a(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is progressive and relapsing disease. To explore the therapeutic effects of naked gene therapy of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) on UC, the SRalpha promoter driving HGF gene was intrarectally administered to the mice in which colitis was induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). Expression of the transgene was seen in surface(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been reported to protect against the development of colon cancer; however, the mechanism(s) by which NSAIDs exert their effects is still unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of NSAIDs on the expression of the tumor suppressor APC gene and the c-myc oncogene in the colons of rats treated(More)
The FHIT gene, encompassing the FRA3B fragile site at chromosome 3p14.2, is a candidate tumor suppressor gene involved in multiple tumors, including esophageal carcinoma. We analyzed Fhit expression using an immunohistochemical method in invasive carcinoma, carcinoma in situ (CIS) and dysplasia, in paraffin sections of 75 esophageal squamous cell carcinomas(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease is incurable and relapsing disease. In order to clarify the effect of HGF gene therapy for inflammatory bowel disease, the adenoviral-mediated HGF gene was intrarectally administered into TNBS-colitis-induced Balb/c mice. Adenoviral-mediated gene delivery targetted its expression mainly to intestinal epithelial cells. Mucosal(More)
Since damage to DNA and other cellular molecules by reactive oxygen species ranks high as a major culprit in the onset and development of colorectal cancer, the aim of the present study is to clarify the role of antioxidant seleonoproteins including glutathione peroxidase (GPx), thioredoxin reductase (TXR) and selenoprotein P (SePP), and the effect of(More)
A 45-year-old Philippine woman who came from Mindanao Island was admitted to our hospital with a complaint of epigastric discomfort. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography demonstrated a network pattern and linear calcification in the liver. Laparoscopic examination showed numerous yellowish, small speckles over the liver surface. The liver(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA) can now provide a cytopathological diagnosis of pancreatic malignancy with higher success rates. However, EUS-FNA cannot be carried out for lesions of minimally invasive carcinoma because they cannot be detected by endoscopic ultrasonography, and in cases of intraductal(More)