Kazuo Yamanaka

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BACKGROUND Severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) sometimes develops late after left-sided valve surgery without left heart failure, pulmonary hypertension or rheumatic tricuspid valve. The purpose of the present study was to investigate clinical characteristics and mechanisms of severe isolated TR late after left-sided valve surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS A(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) is considered a time-related event. The study aim was to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of early- and late-onset PVE, and to investigate potential preventive measures for each condition. METHODS A total of 47 consecutive patients undergoing surgery for PVE between(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the left atrial appendage (LAA) is excised to prevent thrombosis in the maze procedure, it remains unclear whether LAA is retained in expectation of LAA booster function. Therefore, we quantitatively assessed LAA size and function after the maze procedure in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) and mitral valve disease (MVD),(More)
BACKGROUND Although the MAZE procedure allows for the recovery of sinus rhythm and left atrial (LA) mechanical function in the great majority of patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF), the effects of MAZE on the precise LA geometry and wall motion remain to be elucidated. We hypothesized that LA size and mechanical function in patients with chronic(More)
We investigated the pro-apoptotic potential of pericardial fluids from patients with different clinical conditions on cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Pericardial fluids were obtained during open heart surgery from 88 patients with ischemic heart disease (n=44), valvular heart disease (n=32), or aortic disease (n=12). The terminal deoxynucleotidyl(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the Embolic Risk French Calculator (ER-Calculator) was designed to predict symptomatic embolism (SE) associated with infective endocarditis (IE), but external validation has not been reported. This study aimed to determine predictors of SE and the diagnostic accuracy of the ER-Calculator in left-sided active IE among a Japanese(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the long-term outcomes of aortic valve replacement (AVR) with either mechanical or bioprosthetic valves according to age at operation.Methods and Results:A total of 1,002 patients (527 mechanical valves and 475 bioprosthetic valves) undergoing first-time AVR were categorized according to age at operation: group(More)