Kazuo Takahama

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Pipecolic acid (PA), one of the imino acids, is a normal constituent in the mammalian brain. It is said that PA is a major intermediate of lysine metabolism in the rat brain. Biochemical studies have suggested that PA may be involved in the regulation of synaptic mechanism in the CNS. Moreover, the pathophysiological significance of PA has been also(More)
Excessive production of airway mucus is a characteristic feature of many chronic inflammatory lung diseases. Although current pharmacological approaches to excessive mucus production are limited, glucocorticoids appear to be the most effective among a few useful drugs. The exact evidence for the effectiveness of glucocorticoids on mucus production has not(More)
Using unit recording and electrophoretic techniques, the action of piperidine on unit activity of the brain of the rat was studied. Piperidine excited 31%, and inhibited 4% of cortical cells tested. In the hippocampus and caudate nucleus, piperidine excited larger proportions of the cells tested. The actions of piperidine were blocked by tetraethylammonium(More)
Narcotic antitussives such as codeine reveal the antitussive effect primarily via the mu-opioid receptor in the central nervous system (CNS). The kappa-opioid receptor also seems to contribute partly to the production of the antitussive effect of the drugs. There is controversy as to whether delta-receptors are involved in promoting an antitussive effect.(More)
We studied the difference in the effects of codeine on coughs caused by mechanical stimulation to the larynx and to the bifurcation of the trachea in lightly anaesthetized guinea pigs. Mechanical stimulation to the larynx or the bifurcation of trachea caused a stable cough response. The response was reproducible over 60 min, when stimulation was repeatedly(More)
Cadmium, an environmental pollutant, has been reported to induce apoptosis in murine lymphocytes. To reveal the mechanism of cadmium-induced apoptosis, one of important questions is whether cadmium increases intracellular concentration of Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)), Cd(2+) ([Cd(2+)](i)) or both. It is difficult to detect the increase in [Ca(2+)](i) using(More)
The action of bradykinin on neurons acutely isolated from airway parasympathetic ganglia of rats and its mechanism were investigated using the nystatin-perforated patch-clamp recording technique. Under current clamp conditions, an application of 0.1 microM bradykinin onto rat airway ganglion neurons induced a depolarization which was accompanied by the(More)
We studied the effect of morphine on the current induced by glycine in acutely dissociated nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) neurones of guinea pigs, by use of the whole-cell patch clamp technique. Morphine inhibited 30 microM glycine-induced current (Igly), without affecting the current caused by 30 microM GABA. The effect of morphine was(More)
The effects of corticosteroids on tracheal mucociliary transport (MCT) were examined in pigeons. Intramuscular administration of corticosterone had no effect at 1.0 mg/kg, while at a larger dose of 5.0 mg/kg, it slightly, but significantly increased the MCT rate. Metyrapone significantly decreased the MCT rate, and the inhibitory action was blocked by 1.0(More)