Kazuo Takahama

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We studied the effect of morphine on the current induced by glycine in acutely dissociated nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) neurones of guinea pigs, by use of the whole-cell patch clamp technique. Morphine inhibited 30 microM glycine-induced current (Igly), without affecting the current caused by 30 microM GABA. The effect of morphine was(More)
1. The effect of ophiopogonin-D (OP-D), a steroidal glycoside and an active component of Bakumondo-to, a Chinese herbal antitussive, on neurones acutely dissociated from paratracheal ganglia of 2-week-old Wistar rats was investigated using the nystatin-perforated patch recording configuration. 2. Under current-clamp conditions, OP-D (10 microM)(More)
The antidepressant-like effect of tipepidine was studied in rats. Tipepidine at 20 and 40 mg/kg i.p. reduced immobility in the forced swimming test and tipepidine at 40 mg/kg, i.p. increased climbing in the test. The drug at 40 mg/kg, i.p. had no effect on the locomotor activity and motor coordination. These results suggest that tipepidine may be a novel(More)
An enriched environment is known to promote structural changes in the brain and to enhance learning and memory performance in rodents. We previously reported that prenatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) impaired passive avoidance responses and increased levels of phosphorylated Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (pCaMKII) in the hippocampus(More)
The effect of dextromethorphan (DM) on the inwardly rectifying K(+) currents mediated by 5-HT(1A) receptors in acutely dissociated dorsal raphe (DR) neurones of rats was studied using nystatin-perforated patch and conventional whole-cell patch recording configurations under voltage-clamp conditions. DM rapidly and reversibly inhibited the K(+) currents(More)
Bergamot essential oil (BEO) is one of the most common essential oil containing linalool and linalyl acetate as major volatile components. This study investigated the effect of intraplantar (i.pl.) bergamot essential oil (BEO) or linalool on neuropathic hypersensitivity induced by partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL) in mice. The i.pl. injection of BEO or(More)
The effect of piperidine (Pip) on isolated Aplysia neurons was investigated using the voltage clamp and concentration clamp techniques in which neurons were perfused internally and externally with Na+,K+ free solution. Pip induced a Cl-current (ICl) in a dose-dependent manner for doses ranging from 10(-4) M to 10(-2) M. The dose-response curve gave an(More)
The action of bradykinin on neurons acutely isolated from airway parasympathetic ganglia of rats and its mechanism were investigated using the nystatin-perforated patch-clamp recording technique. Under current clamp conditions, an application of 0.1 microM bradykinin onto rat airway ganglion neurons induced a depolarization which was accompanied by the(More)
The concentration of naturally synthesized nerve growth factor (NGF) was measured in various tissues of adult rats, using a highly sensitive two-site enzyme immunoassay. The highest concentration was found in the superior cervical sympathetic ganglion (SCG). Transection of the postganglionic external carotid nerve (ECN) reduced the ganglionic level of NGF(More)