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We investigated the effects of prenatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES), an endocrine disrupter on learning behavior and synaptic functions. Specifically, we determined the activity of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and related kinases that play an essential role in long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus in mice that(More)
We studied the effect of morphine on the current induced by glycine in acutely dissociated nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) neurones of guinea pigs, by use of the whole-cell patch clamp technique. Morphine inhibited 30 microM glycine-induced current (Igly), without affecting the current caused by 30 microM GABA. The effect of morphine was(More)
The activities of choline kinase (CK) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) were examined in vitro in superior cervical sympathetic ganglia (SCG) excised from rats following aerobic incubation for 1 h in a medium containing various choline concentrations, with and without application of a high KCl level (70 mM). Ganglionic CK activity was strongly inhibited(More)
In 27 pentobarbitalized cats, the influence of electrical stimulation of the cerebral cortex upon the spasmodic expiratory response (SER) was studied and compared with cortical influences on coughing induced by stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve (sup. laryngeal N.). This cortical influence was evoked by electrical stimulation of the cortical(More)
1. The effect of ophiopogonin-D (OP-D), a steroidal glycoside and an active component of Bakumondo-to, a Chinese herbal antitussive, on neurones acutely dissociated from paratracheal ganglia of 2-week-old Wistar rats was investigated using the nystatin-perforated patch recording configuration. 2. Under current-clamp conditions, OP-D (10 microM)(More)
The antidepressant-like effect of tipepidine was studied in rats. Tipepidine at 20 and 40 mg/kg i.p. reduced immobility in the forced swimming test and tipepidine at 40 mg/kg, i.p. increased climbing in the test. The drug at 40 mg/kg, i.p. had no effect on the locomotor activity and motor coordination. These results suggest that tipepidine may be a novel(More)
An enriched environment is known to promote structural changes in the brain and to enhance learning and memory performance in rodents. We previously reported that prenatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) impaired passive avoidance responses and increased levels of phosphorylated Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (pCaMKII) in the hippocampus(More)
Narcotic antitussives such as codeine reveal the antitussive effect primarily via the mu-opioid receptor in the central nervous system (CNS). The kappa-opioid receptor also seems to contribute partly to the production of the antitussive effect of the drugs. There is controversy as to whether delta-receptors are involved in promoting an antitussive effect.(More)