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Using unit recording and electrophoretic techniques, the action of piperidine on unit activity of the brain of the rat was studied. Piperidine excited 31%, and inhibited 4% of cortical cells tested. In the hippocampus and caudate nucleus, piperidine excited larger proportions of the cells tested. The actions of piperidine were blocked by tetraethylammonium(More)
We investigated the effects of prenatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES), an endocrine disrupter on learning behavior and synaptic functions. Specifically, we determined the activity of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and related kinases that play an essential role in long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus in mice that(More)
We studied the effect of morphine on the current induced by glycine in acutely dissociated nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) neurones of guinea pigs, by use of the whole-cell patch clamp technique. Morphine inhibited 30 microM glycine-induced current (Igly), without affecting the current caused by 30 microM GABA. The effect of morphine was(More)
Pipecolic acid (PA), one of the imino acids, is a normal constituent in the mammalian brain. It is said that PA is a major intermediate of lysine metabolism in the rat brain. Biochemical studies have suggested that PA may be involved in the regulation of synaptic mechanism in the CNS. Moreover, the pathophysiological significance of PA has been also(More)
The effects of corticosteroids on tracheal mucociliary transport (MCT) were examined in pigeons. Intramuscular administration of corticosterone had no effect at 1.0 mg/kg, while at a larger dose of 5.0 mg/kg, it slightly, but significantly increased the MCT rate. Metyrapone significantly decreased the MCT rate, and the inhibitory action was blocked by 1.0(More)
Using our new method described in a preceding paper, in vivo effects of two proteolytic enzymes such as serratiopeptidase (SER) and seaprose (SAP) on sputa collected from bronchitis rabbits were examined. SER (20 mg/kg) and SAP (30 mg/kg) significantly reduced the viscosity of sputum (P less than 0.05) at the 1-3-h periods and the 4-6-h periods,(More)
The effects of atropine, ipratropium and oxitropium on the mucociliary clearance were studied in pigeons and rabbits. The normal mucociliary transport (MCT) in pigeons was inhibited after the treatment by any of the three drugs at concentrations of 10(-4) to 10(-3) g/ml. These three drugs markedly inhibited eserine-induced MCT acceleration at a lower(More)
One adverse effect of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors used for treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure is the production of dry coughs. Imidapril is a new type of ACE inhibitor with a very low incidence of coughs. The magnitude and the mechanism of cough potentiation of imidapril and other ACE inhibitors has been studied in(More)