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The three-dimensional structures of the truncated myosin head from Dictyostelium discoideum myosin II complexed with beryllium and aluminum fluoride and magnesium ADP are reported at 2.0 and 2.6 A resolution, respectively. Crystals of the beryllium fluoride-MgADP complex belong to space group P2(1)2(1)2 with unit cell parameters of a = 105.3 A, b = 182.6 A,(More)
Cytoplasmic dynein is a microtubule-based motor protein that is responsible for most intracellular retrograde transports along microtubule filaments. The motor domain of dynein contains six tandemly linked AAA (ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities) modules, with the first four containing predicted nucleotide-binding/hydrolysis sites (P1-P4).(More)
We have developed an improved REMI (restriction enzyme-mediated integration) system for generating mutant Dictyostelium cells quickly and efficiently for systematic screening of cytokinesis mutants. By means of this system, three cytokinesis mutants that grow as giant and multinucleate cells were isolated from 2,000 Dictyostelium transformants. Southern(More)
Dyneins are microtubule-based AAA(+) motor complexes that power ciliary beating, cell division, cell migration and intracellular transport. Here we report the most complete structure obtained so far, to our knowledge, of the 380-kDa motor domain of Dictyostelium discoideum cytoplasmic dynein at 2.8 Å resolution; the data are reliable enough to discuss the(More)
A new selectable marker for transformation of Dictyostelium discoideum cells was constructed by using the bsr gene from Bacillus cereus, which confers resistance to Blasticidin S. The bsr gene was driven by Dictyostelium actin 15 promoter and Dictyostelium actin 8 terminator for expression in Dictyostelium cells. To demonstrate the feasibility of using the(More)
Fuelled by ATP hydrolysis, dyneins generate force and movement on microtubules in a wealth of biological processes, including ciliary beating, cell division and intracellular transport. The large mass and complexity of dynein motors have made elucidating their mechanisms a sizable task. Yet, through a combination of approaches, including X-ray(More)
Dynein ATPases power diverse microtubule-based motilities. Each dynein motor domain comprises a ring-like head containing six AAA+ modules and N- and C-terminal regions, together with a stalk that binds microtubules. How these subdomains are arranged and generate force remains poorly understood. Here, using electron microscopy and image processing of tagged(More)
Dynein ATPases are the largest known cytoskeletal motors and perform critical functions in cells: carrying cargo along microtubules in the cytoplasm and powering flagellar beating. Dyneins are members of the AAA+ superfamily of ring-shaped enzymes, but how they harness this architecture to produce movement is poorly understood. Here, we have used cryo-EM to(More)
Cofilin is a low molecular weight actin-modulating protein whose structure and function are conserved among eucaryotes. Cofilin exhibits in vitro both a monomeric actin-sequestering activity and a filamentous actin-severing activity. To investigate in vivo functions of cofilin, cofilin was overexpressed in Dictyostelium discoideum cells. An increase in the(More)
The motor protein dynein is predicted to move the tail domain, a slender rod-like structure, relative to the catalytic head domain to carry out its power stroke. Here, we investigated ATP hydrolysis cycle-dependent conformational dynamics of dynein using fluorescence resonance energy transfer analysis of the dynein motor domain labeled with two fluorescent(More)