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A transcription factor, Cbfa1, which belongs to the runt-domain gene family, is expressed restrictively in fetal development. To elucidate the function of Cbfa1, we generated mice with a mutated Cbfa1 locus. Mice with a homozygous mutation in Cbfa1 died just after birth without breathing. Examination of their skeletal systems showed a complete lack of(More)
Monkeys were trained to perform hand movements in a reaction time task with discrimination between positive (go) and negative (no-go) light signals, and field potentials in various cortical areas were recorded and analysed with chronically implanted cortical electrodes. As previously reported, areas such as the prefrontal, premotor and motor cortices were(More)
Two monkeys were trained to lift a lever with wrist extension in response to a visual cue. The animals were chronically implanted with electrodes for recording transcortical field potentials. Unique 'error' potentials were observed in the anterior cingulate cortical area 24 during a transitional learning-stage when the animals were uncertain about(More)
Senescence-accelerated mouse (SAMP8) is known as a murine model of accelerated aging and memory dysfunction. The binding activity of [3H] 1-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1-methylpropyl)-3-isoquinolinecarboxam ide (PK-11195) as a neurochemical marker of gliosis markedly increased with aging in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of SAMP8. Immunoreactivity for(More)
Our MEG studies on the human frontal association cortex are briefly reviewed. (1) The no-go potential was first found at go/no-go reaction-time hand movement task with discrimination between different colour light stimuli in the prefrontal cortex of monkeys. The potential was recorded in human subjects with EEG over the scalp, but its current dipoles could(More)
The special areal and laminar distributions of cortical afferent connections from various thalamic nuclei in the monkey (Macaca fuscata) were studied by using the anterograde axonal transport technique of autoradiography. The following findings were obtained. The superficial thalamocortical (T-C) projections, terminating in the (superficial half of)(More)
Frontal mental theta waves were recorded simultaneously with magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) in normal subjects. MEG analyses demonstrated that theta burst activities distribute widely in the frontal cortices of both the cerebral hemispheres during concentration on mental calculation. On the other hand, EEG showed the theta(More)
Orexin-A (ORX-A) and orexin-B (ORX-B), also called hypocretin-1 and hypocretin-2, respectively, act upon orexin 1 (OX1R) and orexin 2 (OX2R) receptors, and are involved in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness and energy homeostasis. Orexin neurons in the lateral hypothalamic perifornical region project heavily to the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus(More)
(1) Functional commencements of the neuronal elements in the cerebellar cortex of young rats were studied electrophysiologically by means of laminar field potential analyses in the cortex on stimulation of the cerebellar surface (Loc) and the white matter (WM). (2) The antidromic action potential of Purkinje cells on the WM stimulation was observed at one(More)
Glucose-sensitive neurons in the lateral hypothalamic area produce orexin-A (hypocretin-1) and orexin-B (hypocretin-2) and send their axons to the hippocampus, which predominantly expresses orexin receptor 1 showing a higher sensitivity to orexin-A. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of orexin-A on the performance of Wistar rats(More)