Juhyon Kim15
Yutaka Oomura13
Masaru Ishibashi3
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Orexin (ORX) plays a critical role in reward-seeking behavior for natural rewards and drugs of abuse. The mesolimbic dopamine (DA) pathway that projects into the nucleus accumbens (NAc) from the ventral tegmental area is deeply involved in the neural mechanisms underlying reward, drug abuse and motivation. A recent study demonstrated that ORX-immunopositive(More)
Orexin-A (ORX-A) and orexin-B (ORX-B) play critical roles in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness and feeding. ORX neurons project to the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPT), which regulates waking and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Thus, we examined electrophysiological effects of ORXs on rat PPT neurons with a soma size of more than 30 microm. Whole(More)
Previously, we introduced a monkey model for human frontal midline theta oscillations as a possible neural correlate of attention. It was based on homologous theta oscillations found in the monkey's prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices (areas 9 and 32) in a self-initiated hand-movement task. However, it has not been confirmed whether theta activity in(More)
An automated monitoring system for home health care has been designed for an experimental house in Japan called the Welfare Techno House (WTH). Automated electrocardiogram (ECG) measurements can be taken while in bed, in the bathtub, and on the toilet, without the subject's awareness, and without using body surface electrodes. In order to evaluate this(More)
Place cells in the rodent hippocampal formation (HF) are suggested to be the neural substrate for a spatial cognitive map. This specific spatial property of the place cells are regulated by both allothetic cues (i.e., intramaze local and distal cues) as well as idiothetic sensory inputs; the context signaled by the distal cues allows local and idiothetic(More)
In addition to neuritic changes and amyloid deposits, neuronal and glial cell apoptosis is an important pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Several factors have been postulated as causes or triggers of cellular apoptotic change. This study focused on a quantifiable relationship between phosphorylation sites of tau protein in the(More)
  • Masaru Ishibashi, Shinobu Takano, Hiroki Yanagida, Masafumi Takatsuna, Kazuki Nakajima, Yutaka Oomura +2 others
  • 2005
Orexin-A (ORX-A) and orexin-B (ORX-B), also called hypocretin-1 and hypocretin-2, respectively, act upon orexin 1 (OX1R) and orexin 2 (OX2R) receptors, and are involved in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness and energy homeostasis. Orexin neurons in the lateral hypothalamic perifornical region project heavily to the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus(More)
Orexin-A (ORX-A) and orexin-B (ORX-B) play critical roles in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness, energy homeostasis, neuroendocrine system and autonomic functions. Although ORXs are also implicated in the reward process, their electrophysiological effects on neurons in the shell of nucleus accumbems (NAcSh) have not been described thoroughly. Therefore we(More)
In order to investigate the functional significance of theta oscillations in the brain, we recorded the cortical field potential in monkeys engaged in a visually-initiated hand movement task. In each trial a warning signal (S1) was followed 3 s later by an imperative signal (S2) to which the monkey had to respond to get a reward. The theta power in the(More)