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C57B1/6 mice were injected i.v. with Adriamycin (5 mg/kg) and various days later, spleen cells were tested for Fc dependent phagocytic activity by measuring protection of 51Cr-labelled, antibody coated SRBC from hyptonic shock. No difference in phagocytic activity was observed with spleen cells from untreated mice or mice treated with Adriamycin 1-7 days(More)
There is increasing demand for novel anti-inflammatory drugs with different mechanisms of action. We synthesized a series of isothiocyanates 2b-h based on 6-(methylsulfinyl)hexyl isothiocyanate (6-MITC) found in the pungent spice Wasabia japonica. Inhibitory activities against in-vitro growth of tumor cells and production of nitric oxide (NO) using the(More)
The cellular basis for the augmented cell-mediated cytotoxic (CMC) response seen when spleen cells from Adriamycin (ADM)-treated mice were stimulated in culture was investigated. Under conditions where mature macrophages were reduced (adherent or silica-sensitive cells removed) at time of alloantigen challenge, the cells from ADM-treated mice developed(More)
The present study was designed to determine whether antitumor activity of macrophages induced with OK-432 and cyclophosphamide was mainly dependent on their ability to produce a soluble factor, that is,l-arginine-dependent nitric oxide as measured by nitrite concentration. Nitrite production by peritoneal macrophages from NIH Swiss mice pretreated with(More)
We examined whether inhibitors of the arachidonic acid cascade inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production, as measured by nitrite concentration, either in macrophages or by their cytosolic fractions. Nitrite production by peritoneal macrophages from mice receiving OK-432 treatment was significantly inhibited by phospholipase A2 inhibitors [dexamethasone and(More)
AIM Effect of oral administration of 6-(methylsulfinyl)hexyl isothiocyanate (6-MITC) or a 6-MITC-containing T-wasabi fraction from wasabi root (Wasabia japonica Matsum) to inhibit the macroscopic pulmonary metastasis was studied with a murine B16-BL6 melanoma model. METHOD Two administration routes, subcutaneous or intravenous, and two administration(More)
Synthetic 4-methylsulfinylhexyl isothiocyanate (MITC)(a potent inducer of phase 2 detoxification enzymes from broccoli) and 6-MITC(a potent anti-proliferative principal from wasabi) slightly inhibited the induction of mouse skin tumor in a two-stage process of carcinogenesis (initiator, 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene;(More)
Ras/myc-transformed serum-free mouse embryo (ras/myc SFME) cells were treated with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma, 100 units/ml) and/or lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 0.5 microg/ml) for 24 h to investigate the effects of these ligands on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1). Aminoguanidine (AG,(More)
Oral administration of an enzymatically synthesized alpha-1,4:1,6-glycogen (ESG) at a dose of 50 mug/ml significantly prolonged the survival time of Meth A tumor-bearing mice. ESG also significantly stimulated macrophage-like cells (J774.1), leading to augmented production of nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The weight-average(More)
The effects of bisphenol A (BPA) on the differentiation of serum-free mouse embryo (SFME) cells, the astrocyte progenitor cells in the central nervous system, were examined. SFME cells were exposed to 10 ng/ml leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and 10ng/ml bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) to increase glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression and(More)