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Malignant hyperthermia (MH) causes neurological, liver, and kidney damage and death in humans and major economic losses in the swine industry. A single point mutation in the porcine gene for the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (ryr1) was found to be correlated with MH in five major breeds of lean, heavily muscled swine. Haplotyping suggests that the(More)
We have cloned and sequenced cDNA encoding the Ca2+ release channel (ryanodine receptor) of rabbit cardiac muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. The cDNA, 16,532 base pairs in length, encodes a protein of 4,969 amino acids with a Mr of 564,711. The deduced amino acid sequence is 66% identical with that of the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor, but analysis of(More)
We have cloned cDNAs encoding the rabbit and human forms of the Ca2+ release channel of sarcoplasmic reticulum. The human cDNA encodes a protein of 5032 amino acids, with a molecular weight of 563,584, which is made without an NH2-terminal signal sequence. Amino acid substitutions between rabbit and human sequences were noted in 163 positions and deletions(More)
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a devastating, potentially lethal response to anesthetics that occurs in genetically predisposed individuals. The skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RYR1) gene has been linked to porcine and human MH. Furthermore, a Cys for Arg substitution tightly linked to, and potentially causative of, porcine MH has been identified in the(More)
The expression of major sarcoplasmic reticulum proteins during cardiac and fast-twitch skeletal muscle development was examined using gene-specific probes. Through the use of S1 nuclease mapping, Northern blot, and RNA slot-blot analysis, sarcoplasmic reticulum proteins were shown to exhibit both narrow tissue specificity and plasticity in their expression(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the expression of genes encoding various sarcoplasmic reticulum components that are functionally coupled with calcium release, uptake, and storage function during cardiac hypertrophy induced by thyroid hormone. Hyperthyroidism was induced in two groups of rabbits by the injection of 200 micrograms/kg L-thyroxine(More)
Pre-steady-state kinetic measurements of 22Na+ uptake by the amiloride-sensitive Na+-H+ exchanger in renal brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV) were performed at 0 degrees C to characterize the intermediate reactions of the exchange cycle. At 1 mM Na+, the initial time course of Na+ uptake was resolved into three separate components: (i) a lag phase, (ii)(More)
Twenty-one polymorphic sequence variants of the RYR1 gene, including 13 restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs), were identified by sequence analysis of human ryanodine receptor (RYR1) cDNAs from three individuals predisposed to malignant hyperthermia (MH). All RFLPs were detectable in PCR-amplified products, and their segregation was consistent(More)
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) experiments were performed using genomic and complementary DNA probes in order to determine the location on human chromosomes for five genes expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. The chromosome location of each gene was determined in terms of both cytogenetic bands and fractional(More)
Histochemical studies of type II myoclonus bodies demonstrated that they were composed of a saccharide-lipid complex with a small amount of protein. In particular, they contained phospholipid, ganglioside and sphingomyelin. The ultrastructure of the bodies revealed that they were bound by a membrane. They were diffusely stippled or homogeneous. They were(More)