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Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), a disorder of the mononuclear phagocyte system, can be classified into two distinct forms: primary HLH (FHL) and secondary HLH. To clarify the epidemiology and clinical outcome for each HLH subtype, we conducted a nationwide survey of HLH in Japan. Since 799 patients were diagnosed in 292 institutions of Japan(More)
Aggressive natural killer-cell leukemia (ANKL) is a rare form of large granular lymphocyte leukemia, which is characterized by a systemic proliferation of NK cells. The clinical features of 22 ANKL cases were analyzed. Hepatomegaly (64%), splenomegaly (55%) and lymphadenopathy (41%) were also frequently observed. Leukemic cells were identified as CD1−,(More)
PURPOSE To explore a more effective treatment for newly diagnosed stage IV, relapsed, or refractory extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKL), we conducted a phase II study of the steroid (dexamethasone), methotrexate, ifosfamide, L-asparaginase, and etoposide (SMILE) regimen. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with newly diagnosed stage IV,(More)
PURPOSE To explore a more effective treatment for localized nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, we conducted a phase I/II study of concurrent chemoradiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Treatments comprised concurrent radiotherapy (50 Gy) and 3 courses of dexamethasone, etoposide, ifosfamide, and carboplatin (DeVIC). Patients with a newly diagnosed(More)
Both tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and Fas ligand (FasL) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In this study, we examined the ameliorating effects of neutralizing anti-FasL and/or anti-TNFalpha monoclonal antibody (MoAb) in a lethal acute GVHD model in mice. Whereas the treatment with either anti-FasL or(More)
The World Health Organization classification of haematolymphoid tumours recognizes three categories of natural killer (NK)-cell neoplasms: blastic NK-cell lymphoma, aggressive NK-cell leukaemia, and extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal-type. Recent studies indicate that CD4+CD56+ blastic NK-cell lymphoma is of plasmacytoid dendritic cell origin, and true(More)
The lymphoproliferative disease of granular lymphocytes (LDGL), also referred to as LGL leukemia, is a heterogeneous disorder, but is clinically, morphologically, and immunologically distinct. Although LDGL has recently been included in the revised classification of lymphomas as an independent clinical entity, no consensus exists on the criteria to(More)
Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T cell lymphoma, nasal type, is a recently recognized distinct entity and the most common type of non-B cell extranodal lymphoma in Asia. This retrospective analysis studied the potential survival benefits of hematopoeitic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) compared with a historical control group. A total of 47 patients from 3(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with natural killer (NK) cell neoplasms, aggressive NK cell leukemia (ANKL) and extranodal NK cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKL), have poor outcome. Both diseases show a spectrum and the boundary of them remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to draw a prognostic model of total NK cell neoplasms. PATIENTS AND METHODS We(More)
Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, and aggressive NK-cell leukemia are rare, and their standard therapy has not been established. They are Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoid malignancies, and tumor cells express P-glycoprotein leading to multidrug resistance of the disease. Patients with stage IV, relapsed or refractory diseases(More)