Learn More
The conventional treatment of dental caries involves mechanical removal of the affected part and filling of the hole with a resin or metal alloy. But this method is not ideal for tiny early lesions because a disproportionate amount of healthy tooth must be removed to make the alloy or resin stick. Here we describe a dental paste of synthetic enamel that(More)
An animal's hard tissue is mainly composed of crystalline calcium phosphate. In vitro, small changes in the reaction conditions affect the species of calcium phosphate formed, whereas, in vivo, distinct types of crystalline calcium phosphate are formed in a well-controlled spatiotemporal-dependent manner. A variety of proteins are involved in hard-tissue(More)
The (Ca+Zn)/P molar ratio of zinc-containing tricalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite composite ceramics (ZnTCP/HAP) was investigated in the range from 1.50 to 1.66 to reveal the minimum zinc content possible in ceramics used in the promotion of osteoblastic cell proliferation and bone formation. The release rate of zinc increased with an increase in the(More)
We have previously reported that a laminin-apatite composite layer is formed on an ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) in a laminin-containing calcium phosphate (LCP) solution. In this work, the stability of the LCP solution and growth process of the laminin-apatite composite layer have been investigated. Dynamic light scattering technique revealed that(More)
The size distributions of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) in aqueous solutions with neutral pH were investigated with a dynamic light scattering technique. We found that the FGF-2 was distributed in dimer or trimer form at concentrations of 0.1-1.0 mg . mL(-1). An aggregate with a hydrodynamic radius of approximately 90 nm coexisted with this and its(More)
The in vitro bioactivity of a composite composed by a biodegradable starch-based polymeric matrix and hydroxyapatite fillers was investigated, in situ, as a function of immersion time in a simulated body fluid (SBF) using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The surface roughness of the composite started to increase after the initial 8h because of both the(More)
Simulated body fluid (SBF) with ion concentrations approximately equal to those of human blood plasma has been widely used for the in vitro assessment of the bioactivity of artificial materials and for the formation of bonelike apatite on various substrates. Ion concentrations of conventional SBF (c-SBF) are, however, not exactly equal to those of blood(More)
The present work investigates, in situ, the in vitro bioactivity of partially crystallized 45S5 Bioglass (BG) as a function of immersion time in a simulated body fluid (SBF) using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results obtained for the crystallized BG were compared to those of hydroxyapatite c- and a-faces. The calcium phosphate layer grows on the(More)
Although hydroxyapatite (HAP) is applied to medical implants because of its biocompatibility, no data on mechanical strength of HAP single crystals were yet available, partly due to the difficulty in obtaining sufficiently large single crystals. In the present study the bending strength of OH-carbonated hydroxyapatite (CHAP) single crystals containing(More)
Single-crystal hydroxyapatite and OH-carbonated hydroxyapatite have bending strength much higher than that of dense hydroxyapatite ceramic, indicating potential applicability to a load-bearing biomaterial. However, the effects of carbonate on the strength are less clear. The objective of the present study was to determine the bending strength and Young's(More)