Kazuo Nishimura

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by the presence of airflow obstruction caused by emphysema or airway narrowing, or both. Low attenuation areas (LAA) on computed tomography (CT) have been shown to represent macroscopic or microscopic emphysema, or both. However CT has not been used to quantify the airway abnormalities in smokers(More)
Mesenchymal progenitor cells provide a source of cells for the repair of musculoskeletal tissue. However, in vitro models are needed to study the mechanisms of differentiation of progenitor cells. This study demonstrated the successful induction of in vitro chondrogenesis with human bone-marrow-derived osteochondral progenitor cells in a reliable and(More)
This study consists of two training experiments using a mechanically braked cycle ergometer. First, the effect of 6 wk of moderate-intensity endurance training (intensity: 70% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), 60 min.d-1, 5 d.wk-1) on the anaerobic capacity (the maximal accumulated oxygen deficit) and VO2max was evaluated. After the training, the anaerobic(More)
Involvement of LST-1 (a human liver-specific transporter, also called OATP2) as the major transporter in the uptake of pravastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, by human liver was demonstrated. The hepatic uptake of pravastatin evaluated using human hepatocytes was Na(+)-independent and reached saturation with a Michaelis(More)
ABSTRACT Between 1998 and 1999, control failure of powdery mildew (Podosphaera fusca) and downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis) by the strobilurin fungicides azoxystrobin and kresoxim-methyl was observed in cucumber-growing areas of Japan. Results from inoculation tests carried out on intact cucumber plants and leaf disks clearly showed the distribution(More)
Three disease-specific, health-related quality of life (HRQL) questionnaires have been introduced to assess patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), the Breathing Problems Questionnaire (BPQ), and the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRQ). The purpose of the present study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate noninvasive determination of myocardial viability is of paramount importance for the clinical identification of patients who will benefit most from revascularization. The preserved metabolic activity in the myocardium, as studied with positron emission tomography (PET), has been considered a gold standard for this purpose. However,(More)
The striatum, the input stage of the basal ganglia, is a critical brain structure for the learning of stimulus-response habits as well as motor, perceptual, and cognitive skills. Roles of dopamine (DA) and acetylcholine (ACh) in this form of implicit memory have long been considered essential, but the underlying cellular mechanism is still unclear. By means(More)
When dyspnea must be assessed clinically, there are three methods of assessment: the measurement of dyspnea with activities of daily living using clinical dyspnea ratings such as the modified Medical Research Council (MRC), the Baseline Dyspnea Index (BDI), and the Oxygen Cost Diagram (OCD); the measurement of dyspnea during exercise using the Borg scale;(More)
Demonstration and staging of carcinoma of the cervix with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was evaluated prospectively in 67 patients with histologically proven lesions. Findings were correlated with surgical/pathologic results obtained within 2 weeks. MR imaging had an accuracy of 95% in demonstrating invasive disease (stage IB or higher). It was capable of(More)