Kazuo Nakanishi

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the surgical outcomes and to determine indicators of the necessity of surgical intervention. Twelve consecutive patients harboring symptomatic sacral perineural cysts were treated between 1995 and 2003. All patients were assessed for neurological deficits and pain by neurological examination. Magnetic resonance(More)
STUDY DESIGN Morphometric analysis. OBJECTIVE For safe and solid fixation, it is necessary to measure the diameter of the vertebral arch to ascertain whether or not screws can be used and if so, the appropriate size of screws to be used. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Cervical pedicle screws are the most biomechanically stable screws. However, their use(More)
Schizophrenia is a complex genetic disorder caused by multiple genetic and environmental factors. The dystrobrevin-binding protein 1 (DTNBP1: dysbindin-1) gene is a major susceptibility gene for schizophrenia. Genetic variations in DTNBP1 are associated with cognitive functions, general cognitive ability and memory function, and clinical features of(More)
We report a case of renal angiomyolipoma (AML) with malignant transformation. A 28-year-old woman developed large bilateral renal masses 5 months before admission to our hospital. She was diagnosed with tuberous sclerosis when she was 4 years old. Total nephrectomy of the left kidney was performed, but she died during the operation. Although the focal(More)
Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is involved in the regulation of a diverse population of intracellular messenger systems in the brain. In humans, abnormal NOS/nitric oxide metabolism is suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of some neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Mice with targeted(More)
The concept of synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome has been well clarified, after Chamot et al. suggested this peculiar disorder in 1987. The most commonly affected site in SAPHO syndrome is the anterior chest, followed by the spine. However, the clinical course and taxonomic concept of SAPHO spinal lesions are poorly(More)
STUDY DESIGN The midterm results of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) treatment in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis, and discuss the factors influencing the improvement rate by using multivariable analysis. OBJECTIVE We report the clinical results of PGE1 treatments in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Neurogenic(More)
We report a case of bilateral brachial plexus injury following living-donor liver transplantation. A 35-year-old man with hepatitis C cirrhosis underwent liver transplantation under general anesthesia, performed in the supine position with 90° arm abduction. The surgery lasted for 14 h, and the anesthesia for 16 h. On postoperative day 1, it was noticed(More)
C57BL/6 inbred strains of mice are widely used in knockout and transgenic research. To evaluate the loss-of-function and gain-of-function effects of the gene of interest, animal behaviors are often examined. However, an issue of C57BL/6 substrains that is not always appreciated is that behaviors are known to be strongly influenced by genetic background. To(More)
Keishi-bukuryo-gan is a traditional herbal medicine, which is used clinically as a vascular system disorder-eliminating drug. In this study, its effect on the progression of diabetic nephropathy in experimental rats was investigated. The diabetic nephropathy model used in this study shows functional and morphological changes of the kidney resembling those(More)