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A simple and noncontact method for recording upper eyelid movement by means of a solid state image sensor has been developed. Physiological parameters of blink and lid movements during gaze change were studied in 30 normal subjects. Maximum velocity against lid displacement was analyzed. Electromyography (EMG) of the levator palpebrae as well as orbicularis(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relation between sighting and sensory eye dominance and attempt to quantitatively examine eye dominance using a balance technique based on binocular rivalry. METHODS The durations of exclusive visibility of the dominant and nondominant eye target in binocular rivalry were measured in 14 subjects. The dominant eye was determined(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effects of botulinum toxin type A(botulinum A toxin) on the autonomic and other non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic nerve terminals. METHODS The effects of neurotoxin on twitch contractions evoked by electrical field stimulation (EFS) were studied in isolated rabbit iris sphincter and dilator muscles using isometric tension(More)
Three types of blink reflex were evoked by 1) supraorbital nerve stimulation, 2) light flash stimulation and 3) corneal touch. The blink reflex response was recorded simultaneously for both eyes by electromyography of the orbicularis oculi muscles of the lower eyelid. After supraorbital nerve stimulation, ipsilateral early response (R1) and bilateral late(More)
PURPOSE To study MR images for atrophic changes in the calcarine area resulting from retinal degeneration. METHODS MR images from nine patients with retinal degeneration confirmed by ophthalmologic examination and from 30 healthy volunteers were reviewed. The causes of retinal degeneration were hereditary pigmentary degeneration of the retina (four(More)
PURPOSE To compare MR imaging findings of the striate cortex with visual field deficits in patients with Minamata disease and to reestimate the classical Holmes retinotopic map by using the data obtained from comparing visual field abnormalities with degree of visual cortex atrophy. METHODS MR imaging was performed in eight patients with Minamata disease(More)
The effects of various fixation stimuli on square waves of eye movements were studied in 16 normal subjects. Fixation eye movements were recorded by infrared reflection oculography under visual and nonvisual conditions. The target size was varied from 9 to 72 minutes of arc in four steps. The mean amplitude of the square wave was enlarged more than 0.5(More)
The location of motoneurons innervating the musculus levator palpebrae superioris (LPS) was studied in the monkey (Macaca irus) by using Fast blue (FB) and propidium iodide (PI) as retrograde neuronal tracers. In each monkey, FB was injected into the LPS of one eye and PI into the LPS of the other eye. Neuronal cell bodies labeled with FB and/or PI were(More)
Contacts between melanocytes and nerve terminals in human iris stroma were investigated by means of electron microscopy. Four distinct types of nerve terminal making synaptic contacts with melanocytes can be distinguished: (1) nerve terminals containing only empty synaptic vesicles (400-800 A in diameter) and with intervening basement membrane material(More)
Thirty cases of Minamata disease caused by methyl mercury poisoning with the lesion mainly at the occipital cortex were selected and their spatial contrast sensitivity of vision was examined by the Arden grating chart. At the same time their visual acuity, visual field, and visual evoked cortical potential (VECP) were also investigated. In all cases the(More)