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Cerebrospinal fluid specimens from 57 patients diagnosed with meningitis were tested for Japanese encephalitis virus. Total RNA was extracted from the specimens and amplified. Two products had highest homology with Nakayama strain and 2 with Ishikawa strain. Results suggest that Japanese encephalitis virus causes some aseptic meningitis in Japan.
In this study, we developed a one-step, single-tube genogroup-specific reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for the detection of norovirus (NoV) genomes targeting from the C terminus of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene to the capsid N-terminal/shell domain region. This is the first report on the development of an… (More)
In the 2004/05 influenza season there were epidemics of influenza caused by several types of viruses (type B and A (H3) viruses, and type B, A (H3), and A (H1) viruses) in many areas of Japan. In such epidemics a single individual could be co-infected with several influenza viruses. From February to March in 2005, we examined 15 patients who were positive… (More)
We developed a reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for the rapid detection of noroviruses (NoVs) in a genogroup-specific manner in a previous study. In this study, to detect NoVs more easily and simply, we have developed an RT-LAMP assay for the simultaneous detection of NoV genogroup I (GI) and II (GII) genomes in a… (More)
Shell oysters were reared in experimental conditions to elucidate the survival rate of Salmonella typhi in the body of cultured oysters and the fate of S. typhi in the shucked oysters. Sixty to 80 cultured oysters were reared for 4 h at 15 degrees C in 40 l of sea water than contained 1 x 10(4) -- 2 x 10(4) cells/ml of S. typhi (V-form) added, then these… (More)
In 2004, 3 new rapid influenza diagnostic kits using immunochromatography that allow type differentiation became commercially available. They are the ESPLINE Influenza A & B-N (Fujirebio Corp., Japan: ESPLINE-N hereafter), QuickVue Rapid SP influ (Quidel Corp., USA: QuickVue), and POCTEM INFLUENZA A/B (INTERNATIONAL REAGENTS Corp., Japan: POCTEM). The… (More)
We discussed the clinical features of 5 Japanese encephalitis (JE) cases which we experienced in 2002. Today there are few opportunities for a clinician to see JE patients. Until the 1950s, the number of JE patients was more than 2000 in Japan, but the annual cases of JE are decreasing remarkably due to the extermination of mosquitoes, thorough vaccination… (More)