Kazuo Kurihara

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The cytogenetic effects of cigarette smoke has been evaluated as one of many potential confounders in a large number of biomonitoring studies of occupationally or environmentally exposed populations and control subjects. Despite the well-known presence of carcinogens in the cigarette smoke, the results in the scientific literature linking smoking habits to(More)
∆1-Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) synthase catalyzes the oxidative cyclization of cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) into THCA, the precursor of the primary psychoactive agent ∆1-tetrahydrocannabinol in Cannabis sativa. The enzyme was overproduced in insect cells, purified, and crystallized in order to investigate the structure-function relationship of THCA(More)
The protonation states and hydration structures of the α-thrombin-bivalirudin complex were studied by joint XN refinement of the single crystal X-ray and neutron diffraction data at resolutions of 1.6 and 2.8Å, respectively. The atomic distances were estimated by carrying out X-ray crystallographic analysis at 1.25Å resolution. The complex represents a(More)
It has long been suspected that the structure and function of a DNA duplex can be strongly dependent on its degree of hydration. By neutron diffraction experiments, we have succeeded in determining most of the hydrogen (H) and deuterium (D) atomic positions in the decameric d(CCATTAATGG)2 duplex. Moreover, the D positions in 27 D2O molecules have been(More)
It is well known that water molecules surrounding a protein play important roles in maintaining its structural stability. Water molecules are known to participate in several physiological processes through the formation of hydrogen bonds. However, the hydration structures of most proteins are not known well at an atomic level at present because X-ray(More)
The crystal structure of a copper amine oxidase from Arthrobacter globiformis was determined at 1.08 Å resolution with the use of low-molecular-weight polyethylene glycol (LMW PEG; average molecular weight ∼200) as a cryoprotectant. The final crystallographic R factor and Rfree were 13.0 and 15.0%, respectively. Several molecules of LMW PEG were found to(More)
Ethanol is converted to acetaldehyde by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), cytochrome p4502E1 (CYP2E1) and catalase. This metabolite is then detoxified by aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), a key enzyme in the elimination of acetaldehyde, via further oxidation to acetic acid. The toxic effects of acetaldehyde are well documented and may be partially mediated by(More)
To help resolve long-standing questions regarding the catalytic activity of the serine proteases, the structure of porcine pancreatic elastase has been analyzed by high-resolution neutron and X-ray crystallography. To mimic the tetrahedral transition intermediate, a peptidic inhibitor was used. A single large crystal was used to collect room-temperature(More)
The IBARAKI Biological Crystal Diffractometer (iBIX), a new diffractometer for protein crystallography at the next-generation neutron source at J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex), has been constructed and has been operational since December 2008. Preliminary structure analyses of organic crystals showed that iBIX has high performance even at(More)
An adamantanoid (H2O)10 cluster is formed within the hydrophobic cavity of a self-assembled coordination cage. This cluster is termed "molecular ice" because it is the smallest unit of naturally occurring Ic-type ice. X-ray structural analysis, coupled with neutron diffraction study, reveals that the molecular ice is formed not by a simple space-filling(More)