Learn More
In bone metastatic lesions, osteoclasts play a key role in the development of osteolysis. Previous studies have shown that macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) is important for the differentiation of osteoclasts. In this study, we investigated whether an inhibitor of M-CSF receptor (c-Fms) suppresses osteoclast-dependent osteolysis in bone(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor VEGFR-2 play a central role in angiogenesis, which is necessary for solid tumors to expand and metastasize. Specific inhibitors of VEGFR-2 tyrosine kinase are therefore thought to be useful for treating cancer. We showed that the quinazoline urea derivative KRN633 inhibited tyrosine phosphorylation(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a key role in tumor angiogenesis by stimulating the proangiogenic signaling of endothelial cells via activation of VEGF receptor (VEGFR) tyrosine kinases. Therefore, VEGFRs are an attractive therapeutic target for cancer treatment. In the present study, we show that a quinoline-urea derivative, KRN951, is a(More)
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) is important in the development of macrophages and osteoclasts. Previous studies have also shown that CD11b(+) myeloblasts and osteoclasts play key roles during inflammation and bone destruction in arthritic lesions. In this study, we investigated whether(More)
A field trial of 100-Gbit/s Ethernet over an optical transport network (OTN) is conducted using a real-time digital coherent signal processor. Error free operation with the Q-margin of 3.2 dB is confirmed at a 100 Gbit/s Ethernet analyzer by concatenating a low-density parity-check code with a OTN framer forward error correction, after 80-ch WDM(More)
(6,7-Disubstituted-quinolin-4-yloxy-phenyl)(4-substituted-phenyl)amine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated by a cellular autophosphorylation assay for FGF-R2 in the human scirrhous gastric carcinoma cell line, OCUM-2MD3. We also performed metabolic stability studies showing that substitutions at the 7-position of quinoline affect its biological(More)
The structural specificity of the monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT) for the transport of phenolic acids was investigated by measuring the inhibitory effect on the fluorescein transport in Caco-2 cell monolayers. Although most of the monohydroxylated derivatives had an inhibitory effect, the di- and tri-hydroxylated ones did not. The methoxylated(More)
N-Phenyl-N'-{4-(4-quinolyloxy)phenyl}ureas were found to be a novel class of potent inhibitors for the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) tyrosine kinase through synthetic modifications of a lead compound and structure-activity relationship studies. A representative compound 6ab, termed Ki8751, inhibited VEGFR-2 phosphorylation at an(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS), can be induced by the immunization of mice with myelin antigens in the form of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG). Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) is required for the development of individual mononuclear phagocyte populations and is involved in(More)
Activating mutations of Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (Flt3) are the most common genetic abnormalities found in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and represent potential therapeutic targets. The novel Flt3 inhibitor KRN383 inhibited the autophosphorylation of Flt3 bearing internal tandem duplications (ITDs) and the Asp835Tyr (D835Y) point mutation with half-maximal(More)