Kazuo Iguchi

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Diseases caused by malaria parasites and pathogenic bacteria were thought to be on the brink of eradication in the 1950-1960s, but they have once again become a serious threat to mankind as a result of the appearance of multidrug resistant strains. The spread of these multidrug resistant organisms has prompted a worldwide search for new classes of effective(More)
To investigate the localization of clavulones (CV), prostanoids with antitumor activity, in the Okinawan soft coral Clavularia viridis, we developed a method for the isolation of Symbiodinium cells from the coral, i.e., treatment of a coral homogenate with a protease, pronase E, and a detergent, Nonidet P-40. The conditions for the treatment were optimized(More)
We study the electrical conductivity problem of DNA, applying the Holstein’s polaron model to a double strand of DNA. We show that the Holstein’s polarons act as donors and acceptors in DNA and that the existence of such donors and acceptors provides us the extrinsic semiconductor character of DNA. This character of DNA may explain with a unified point of(More)
Two norcarotenoids, 1 and 2, related to peridinin (3) were isolated from the cultured dinoflagellate of the genus Symbiodinium, a symbiont of the Okinawan soft coral Clavularia viridis, which contains in abundance antitumor marine prostanoids such as clavulones. The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. These(More)
Bioconversion (biotransformation) experiments on arenes (aromatic compounds), including various tricyclic fused aromatic compounds such as fluorene, dibenzofuran, dibenzothiophene, carbazole, acridene, and phenanthridine, were done using the cells of Escherichia coli transformants expressing several arene dioxygenase genes. E. coli carrying the phenanthrene(More)
Six new terpenoids (two maaliane-type sesquiterpenoids, 1 and 2, one aromadendrane-type sesquiterpenoid, 3, one noraromadendrane-type sesquiterpenoid, 4, and two neodolabellane-type diterpenoids, 5 and 6) were isolated from the Okinawan soft coral Clavularia koellikeri. The structures of these compounds were determined on the basis of the results of(More)
A new triene aldehyde, (2E,6Z,9Z)-2-methyl-2,6,9-icosatrienal (1), was isolated from a MeOH extract of the Okinawan marine sponge Leucetta microraphis. The structure of 1 was determined by spectroscopic analysis. Three imidazole alkaloids, leucettamine B, preclathridine A, and (9E)-clathridine 9-N-(2-sulfoethyl)imine, were also obtained and identified.(More)
Seven new long-chain acetylenic alcohols, strongylodiols D-J, were isolated from an Okinawan marine sponge of the genus Petrosia (Strongylophora). The structures of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of the results of spectroscopic analysis and chemical reaction. Analysis of the MNA esters of the acetylenic alcohols disclosed that these compounds(More)
Seven new marine diterpenoids having a cembrane skeleton were isolated from the Okinawan soft coral Clavularia koellikeri. Their structures were determined based on the results of spectroscopic analysis and chemical conversions. Compound 1 showed cytotoxic activity against human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells (DLD-1, IC(50) 4.2 g/mL) and strong growth(More)