Kazuo Hatano

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The role of gender and sex hormones is unclear in host response to lung injury, inflammation, and fibrosis. To examine gender influence on pulmonary fibrosis, male and female rats were given endotracheal injections of either saline or bleomycin. Female rats showed higher mortality rates and more severe fibrosis than did male rats, as indicated by higher(More)
There is accumulating evidence that most beta-lactam antibiotics (i.e., cephalosporins and penicillins) have some degree of convulsive activity, both in laboratory animals as well as in clinical settings. The proposed mechanism is suppression of inhibitory postsynaptic responses, mainly mediated by gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA)(A)-receptors (GABA(A)-R).(More)
Recently, GHISALBA et al.2,3) showed that the aminobenzenoid nucleus of rifamycin produced by Nocardia mediterranei was derived from an intermediate between 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonic acid 7-phosphate and shikimate in the shikimate pathway, perhaps 5-dehydroquinate or 5-dehydroshikimate. KIBBY et al.4,5) concluded that the primary precursor of the(More)
FR264205 is a novel parenteral 3'-aminopyrazolium cephalosporin. This study evaluated the in vitro and in vivo activities of FR264205 against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The MIC of FR264205 at which 90% of 193 clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa were inhibited was 1 microg/ml, 8- to 16-fold lower than those of ceftazidime (CAZ), imipenem (IPM), and ciprofloxacin(More)
beta-N-Acetylhexosaminidase was produced by Trichoderma harzianum cultivated with chitin as the growth substrate. The enzyme was purified 13.2-fold to homogeneity by ultrafiltration and sequential chromatography on SP-Toyopearl and Sephacryl S-200. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be about 150,000 by gel filtration. The pH and temperature(More)
We studied differences in chromatin patterns and the spatial localization of centromeres of chromosome 11 during the cell cycle between normal peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) using fluorescence in situ hybridization. The pericentromeres in both cells were located at the periphery during Gq (quiescent) phase,(More)
Sha (also known as Mrp/Mnh/Pha) is a Na+/H+ antiporter encoded by a cluster of six or seven genes that probably form a multisubunit transport complex. The Sha system is important for the homeostasis of H+, Na+, and other monovalent cations and plays a critical role in various functions, including alkaliphily, sporulation, and symbiosis. Here, we(More)
We studied the anti-Aspergillus activity of micafungin by using two fluorescent dyes to detect cell viability. Micafungin induced flattened hyphae, caused by the bursting of cells, which had lost their viability. Micafungin has killing activity against actively growing hyphae, even though it is not fungicidal against the whole burden of Aspergillus(More)
Single-dose pharmacokinetics of FK037 has been investigated in laboratory animals. After bolus intravenous dosing with 20 mg/kg, the elimination half-life of FK037 varied in the species; with values of 0.27, 0.30, 0.97, 1.29 and 1.76 hours in mice, rats, rabbits, dogs and monkeys, respectively. The volume of distribution ranged between 260 ml/kg in rats and(More)