Kazuo Hashido

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Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal X-linked disorder caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene, which encodes a cytoskeletal protein, dystrophin. Creatine kinase (CK) is generally used as a blood-based biomarker for muscular disease including DMD, but it is not always reliable since it is easily affected by stress to the body, such as exercise.(More)
R2Bm is a non-long-terminal-repeat (non-LTR) retrotransposon that was identified at a specific target site in the 28S rRNA genes of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Although in vitro analysis has revealed that the 3' end of R2Bm is integrated into the target site by means of target-primed reverse transcription (TPRT), the mechanism of the 5' end integration is(More)
Brain-specific microRNAs (miRs) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are both involved in synaptic function. We previously reported that upregulation of miR-132 is involved in BDNF-increased synaptic proteins, including glutamate receptors (NR2A, NR2B, and GluR1) in mature cortical neurons [7]. However, the potential role of other growth factors in(More)
Low birth weight due to intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is suggested to be a risk factor for various psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. It has been reported that developmental cortical dysfunction and neurocognitive deficits are observed in individuals with IUGR, however, the underlying molecular mechanisms have yet to be elucidated.(More)
MicroRNAs (miRs), endogenous small RNAs, regulate gene expression through repression of translational activity after binding to target mRNAs. miRs are involved in various cellular processes including differentiation, metabolism, and apoptosis. Furthermore, possible involvement of miRs in neuronal function have been proposed. For example, miR-132 is closely(More)
A clone of a DNA-mediated mobile element (transposon) corresponding to a mariner-like element (MLE) was obtained by carrying out the polymerase chain reaction with genomic DNA of Bombyx mori using a Hyalophora cecropia MLE sequence as a primer. This clone had a size of about 4.2 kb and, after sequencing, was found to contain an RNA-mediated, shorter(More)
The mouse U2af1-rs1(SP2) gene, which was cloned by a two-dimensional genome scanning method, is expressed exclusively from the paternally inherited chromosome. This gene has significant similarity to U2AF and located in chromosome 11, of which maternal duplication/paternal deficiency results in a small body. In this report, we cloned genomic U2af1-rs1(SP2)(More)
OBJECTIVES Muscular dystrophies are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of inherited myogenic disorders. In clinical tests for these diseases, creatine kinase (CK) is generally used as diagnostic blood-based biomarker. However, because CK levels can be altered by various other factors, such as vigorous exercise, etc., false positive is(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive neuromuscular disorder. Here, we show that the CD63 antigen, which is located on the surface of extracellular vesicles (EVs), is associated with increased levels of muscle-abundant miRNAs, namely myomiRs miR-1, miR-133a, and miR-206, in the sera of DMD patients and mdx mice. Furthermore, the release of EVs(More)
Evidence suggests that neuronal microRNAs (miRs) contribute to synaptic plasticity, although a role of glial miRs have been unknown. Growth factors including brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulate neuronal functions via upregulation of miRs, while possible influences on expression/function of glial miRs have not been fully understood. Here, we(More)
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