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We report a case of signet-ring cell ependymoma of the medulla oblongata. The patient presented with acute paralysis of the soft palate and absent gag reflex resulting in respiratory distress after accidental inhalation of water. MRI revealed a large intra-axial mass with foci of intratumoral hemorrhage in the medulla oblongata. A subtotal resection was(More)
BACKGROUND Imatinib used to be the only effective treatment for advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor. However, early clinical reports have shown that sunitinib has substantial anticancer activity in patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor after failure of imatinib. METHODS Eighteen Japanese patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal(More)
BACKGROUND CD133 has been identified as a cancer stem cell marker for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Although leucine-rich-repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5), a marker of intestinal stem cells, has been shown to be on a higher level of the stem cell hierarchy than CD133, the expression and function of LGR5 in pancreatic cancer tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare but are frequently diagnosed at advanced stages and require systemic therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS This multicenter, open-label, phase II study evaluated sunitinib in Japanese patients with well-differentiated pancreatic NET. Patients received sunitinib 37.5 mg/day on a continuous daily dosing(More)
BACKGROUND The WHO classified pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms in 2010 as G1, G2, and neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC), according to the Ki67 labeling index (LI). However, the clinical behavior of NEC is still not fully studied. We aimed to clarify the clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of NECs. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated the(More)
A young woman with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) was referred to our hospital. On examination, multiple flat neoplasms were detected in addition to semi-pedunculated polyps. Restorative proctocolectomy was performed; one submucosal invasive cancer, two mucosal cancers, and several adenomas with high-grade dysplasia were detected. On immunohistochemical(More)
AIM To reveal the impact of preoperative endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 242 patients who underwent surgery for PDAC at our institution between January 1996 and July 2012. Among them, there were three patients with R2 resection and(More)
BACKGROUND Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) regulates mineral homeostasis. In developed renal dysfunction, FGF23 levels increase to maintain the phosphate excretion capacity. However, in diabetic patients with early-stage renal impairment, the FGF23 elevation is not very sensitive. We hypothesized that urinary phosphate (U-P)/serum FGF23 ratio would(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Endoscopic resection is one treatment option for residual or locally recurrent esophageal cancer after definitive chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy alone. However, little is known about the clinical benefit of salvage endoscopic resection for these lesions. Therefore, the effectiveness and prognostic factors of salvage endoscopic(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) can be performed entirely transgastrically (hepatogastrostomy/EUS-HG) or transduodenally (choledochoduodenostomy/EUS-CDS). It is unknown how both techniques compare. The aims of this study were to compare efficacy and safety of both techniques and identify predictors of adverse(More)