Kazuo H Takahashi

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Developmental stability is the tendency of morphological traits to resist the effects of developmental noise, and is commonly evaluated by examining fluctuating asymmetry (FA)-random deviations from perfect bilateral symmetry. Molecular mechanisms that control FA have been a long-standing topic of debate in the field of evolutionary biology and quantitative(More)
Progression of development has to be insulated from the damaging impacts of environmental and genetic perturbations to produce highly predictable phenotypes. Molecular chaperones, such as the heat shock proteins (HSPs), are known to buffer various environmental stresses, and are deeply involved in protein homeostasis. These characteristics of HSPs imply(More)
Fluctuating asymmetry (FA), defined as random deviation from perfect symmetry, has been used to assay the inability of individuals to buffer their developmental processes from environmental perturbations (i.e., developmental instability). In this study, we aimed to characterize the natural genetic variation in FA of wing shape in Drosophila melanogaster,(More)
In the aggregation theory, aggregation of eggs is one of important conditions for the coexistence of species. However, aggregation of eggs by clutch laying does not always promote coexistence, whereas aggregation of eggs by aggregated distributions of ovipositing females always has a significant contribution to the coexistence. In this study, spatial(More)
Developmental processes of organisms are programmed to proceed in a finely regulated manner and finish within a certain period of time depending on the ambient environmental conditions. Therefore, variation in the developmental period under controlled genetic and environmental conditions indicates innate instability of the developmental process. In this(More)
Sexual size dimorphism (SSD), a difference in body size between sexes, is common in many taxa. In insects, females are larger than males in >70% of all taxa in most orders. The fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster is one prominent model organism to investigate SSD since its clear and representative female-biased SSD and its growth regulation are well studied.(More)
Temperature adaptation is one of the most important determinants of distribution and population size of organisms in nature. Recently, quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping and gene expression profiling approaches have been used for detecting candidate genes for heat resistance. However, the resolution of QTL mapping is not high enough to examine the(More)
Wood-rotting fungi are major organisms exploiting coarse woody debris (CWD) in forests. Here, guild structure of wood-rotting fungi was investigated in cool temperate (Chichibu) and warm temperate (Chiba) forests in central Japan, based on their occurrence on CWD of different volumes and decay stages. Analysis with the program partitioning around medoids(More)
1. Laboratory experiments using homogeneous resources were conducted to examine intra- and interspecific spatial egg distribution of D. simulans, D. auraria and D. immigrans in three different resource-patch distribution patterns: patchy, even and clustered. 2. Individuals of each species were introduced separately or simultaneously into the cage, into(More)
Cryptic genetic variation (CGV) or a standing genetic variation that is not ordinarily expressed as a phenotype is released when the robustness of organisms is impaired under environmental or genetic perturbations. Evolutionary capacitors modulate the amount of genetic variation exposed to natural selection and hidden cryptically; they have a fundamental(More)