Kazuo Dan

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The diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) without an increase in blasts and ringed sideroblasts (low-grade MDS without ringed sideroblasts [LGw/oRS]) may be problematic because dysplastic features are not specific to MDS and approximately 50% of patients with LGw/oRS lack chromosomal aberrations. Here, we report the usefulness of flow cytometric(More)
PURPOSE The B7 family molecules have been shown to regulate immune responses in both positive and negative fashions. Their roles in the progression of human cancers, however, are not well established. The aim of this study was to examine whether leukemic cells of acute myeloid leukemia express functional B7 family molecules and, if so, whether such(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes is not always straightforward when patients lack specific diagnostic markers, such as blast excess, karyotype abnormality, and ringed sideroblasts. DESIGN AND METHODS We designed a flow cytometry protocol applicable in many laboratories and verified its diagnostic utility in patients without those(More)
P230 Bcr/Abl has been associated with indolent myeloproliferative disease (MPD). We generated transgenic mice expressing P230Bcr/Abl driven by the promoter of the long terminal repeat of the murine stem cell virus of the MSCV neo P230 BCR/ABL vector. Two founder mice exhibited mild granulocytosis and marked thrombocytosis and developed MPD. The disease of(More)
To evaluate the role of the deleted in colorectal carcinoma (DCC) gene in leukemogenesis, we examined loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in the DCC gene in 64 primary human leukemias using Southern blot analysis and examined the expression of the DCC gene using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. Allelic loss in the DCC gene was(More)
Mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL)-AFF1 (MLL-AF4)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is associated with poor prognosis, even after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The resistance to graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effects may be responsible for the poor effect of allo-HSCT on MLL-AFF1-positive ALL. Cytotoxic effector mechanisms(More)
Two major distinct subsets of dendritic cells (DCs) are arranged to regulate our immune responses in vivo; 33D1(+) and DEC-205(+) DCs. Using anti-33D1-specific monoclonal antibody, 33D1(+) DCs were successfully depleted from C57BL/6 mice. When 33D1(+) DC-depleted mice were stimulated with LPS, serum IL-12, but not IL-10 secretion that may be mediated by the(More)
Stem cell transplantation (SCT) is a useful treatment for hematological malignancies, but it is limited to younger patients because of its high treatment-related mortality. Fludarabine (Flu), a novel anticancer agent with potent immunosuppressive activity, used as a conditioning regimen (reduced intensity transplantation; RIST), can decrease(More)
Disseminated non-tuberculous mycobacterium (dNTM) infection is rare in humans without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Previous reports have shown autoantibodies to human interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), which play important roles in mycobacterium infection, in the sera of patients with non-HIV dNTM disease. Herein, we describe a 53-year-old male who(More)