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The present manuscript describes kinetic behaviour of the glass transition and non-equilibrium features of the "Nematic-Isotropic" (N-I) phase transition of a well known liquid crystalline material N-(4-methoxybenzylidene)-4-butylaniline from the effects of heating rate and initial temperature on the transitions, through differential scanning calorimetry(More)
The diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) without an increase in blasts and ringed sideroblasts (low-grade MDS without ringed sideroblasts [LGw/oRS]) may be problematic because dysplastic features are not specific to MDS and approximately 50% of patients with LGw/oRS lack chromosomal aberrations. Here, we report the usefulness of flow cytometric(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of epidural infection associated with epidural block is not clearly understood. Resident organisms in skin specimens were studied after skin was prepared with disinfectants. METHODS Sixty-nine paired skin specimens were excised at incisional sites after skin disinfection with 10% povidone-iodine (10% PVP-I) or 0.5% chlorhexidine(More)
Recent studies have shown that mutations in a newly described RNA editing enzyme, activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), can cause an autosomal recessive form of hyper IgM syndrome. To determine the relative frequency of mutations in AID, we evaluated a group of 27 patients with hyper IgM syndrome who did not have defects in CD40 ligand and 23(More)
During disease progression in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), clonal blasts gain a more aggressive nature, whereas nonclonal immune cells become less efficient via an unknown mechanism. Using MDS cell lines and patient samples, we showed that the expression of an immunoinhibitory molecule, B7-H1 (CD274), was induced by interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) and tumor(More)
Recent studies have suggested that flow cytometry (FCM) helps diagnose myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). However, appropriate FCM diagnostic parameters that are easily reproducible by different examiners remain unclarified. We found that "the Ly/Mbl CD45 ratio (mean fluorescence intensity [MFI] of CD45 on lymphocytes/MFI of CD45 on CD34+ myeloblasts)," "the(More)
Survivin is a newly discovered inhibitor of the apoptosis protein, IAP, expressed during development and in human cancers. The effector cell protease receptor-1 (EPR-1) gene is oriented in the opposite direction on the same DNA double strand. Thus, the Survivin and EPR-1 (Survivin/EPR-1) genes exist in a head-to-head configuration. It is not clear whether(More)
Recently, c-kit mutations have been reported as a novel adverse prognostic factor of acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22) translocation (t(8;21) AML). However, much remains unclear about its clinical significance. In this study, we developed a highly sensitive mutation detection method known as mutation-biased PCR (MB-PCR) and investigated the(More)
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is characterized by the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome and bcr/abl gene rearrangement which occurs in pluripotent hematopoietic progenitor cells expressing the c-kit receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT). To elucidate the biological properties of KIT in CML leukemogenesis, we performed analysis of alterations of the c-kit gene and(More)