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Non-motor symptoms (NMS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) are common, significantly reduce quality of life and at present there is no validated clinical tool to assess the progress or potential response to treatment of NMS. A new 30-item scale for the assessment of NMS in PD (NMSS) was developed. NMSS contains nine dimensions: cardiovascular, sleep/fatigue,(More)
BACKGROUND Nonmotor symptoms (NMS) have a great impact on patients with Parkinson disease (PD). The Non-Motor Symptoms Scale (NMSS) is an instrument specifically designed for the comprehensive assessment of NMS in patients with PD. NMSS psychometric properties have been tested in this study. METHODS Data were collected in 12 centers across 10 countries in(More)
  • Kazuo Abe
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other motor…
  • 1997
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of unknown etiology. Although there was a widely held belief that ALS does not cause cognitive impairment, cognitive function in patients with ALS has received more attention recently. In this paper, we discuss the clinical, neuroanatomical and neuropathological basis for(More)
2006, there was, no single instrument (questionnaire or scale) for attempting a comprehensive assessment of the wide range of nonmotor symptoms (NMS) of Parkinson's disease (PD). The PD nonmotor group, a multidisciplinary group of experts including patient group representatives developed and validated the NMS screening questionnaire (NMSQuest) comprising 30(More)
To investigate metabolic changes in Alzheimer's disease (AD), we performed proton MR spectroscopy at 3T Spectra were acquired from the gray matter of the posterior cingulate gyrus and the precuneus, and from the parietooccipital white matter in nine AD patients and 12 controls. In patients, the N-acetyl group (NA)/creatine + phosphocreatine (Cr) ratios were(More)
Objectives. Abnormalities of posture represent one of the main features of Parkinson's disease (PD). Among them, camptocormia has been considered as rare in PD. We investigated frequency and clinical features of camptocormia in PD patients. Methods. 153 PD patients (mean 68.5 ± 10.7 years old, duration 5.9 ± 2.4 years) outpatiently recruited. After(More)
Destructive lesions of the basal forebrain are often associated with memory impairment and this structure is thought to contribute to memory function by providing a cholinergic input to critical structures associated with memory such as the hippocampus and amygdala. In previously reported cases of amnesia associated with damage in the basal forebrain,(More)
 Coordination between the left and right limbs during cyclic movements, which can be characterized by the amplitude of each limb's oscillatory movement and relative phase, is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). A pedaling exercise on an ergometer in a recent clinical study revealed several types of coordination disorder in PD patients. These(More)