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Coordination between the left and right limbs during cyclic movements, which can be characterized by the amplitude of each limb's oscillatory movement and relative phase, is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). A pedaling exercise on an ergometer in a recent clinical study revealed several types of coordination disorder in PD patients. These(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MR imaging has the potential capacity for noninvasively depicting the anatomy and function of thalamic nuclei. The purpose of this study was to identify the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), which is the thalamic relay nucleus for vision, with anatomic and functional MR imaging at 1.5 T. METHODS Three-millimeter-thick axial images(More)
To investigate metabolic changes in Alzheimer's disease (AD), we performed proton MR spectroscopy at 3T Spectra were acquired from the gray matter of the posterior cingulate gyrus and the precuneus, and from the parietooccipital white matter in nine AD patients and 12 controls. In patients, the N-acetyl group (NA)/creatine + phosphocreatine (Cr) ratios were(More)
We studied cerebral metabolism in 82 patients with nonfamilial parkinsonism, including Parkinson's disease (PD; n = 23), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP; n = 12), corticobasal degeneration (CBD; n = 19), multiple systemic atrophy (MSA; n = 18) and vascular parkinsonism (VP; n = 10) by using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS), which(More)
We studied whether N-acetylaspartate (NAA), a neuronal marker, is reduced in the brain of 14 patients with clinically definite amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and whether NAA levels in the motor area and frontal lobe correlate with the clinical features, including frontal lobe function. We also studied 14 normal controls were evaluated. We obtained peak(More)
In our recent reports motor coordination of human lower limbs has been investigated during pedaling a special kind of ergometer which allows its left and right pedals to rotate independently. In particular, relative phase between left and right rotational-velocity waveforms of the pedals and their amplitude modulation have been analyzed for patients with(More)
To investigate the effect of stimulus presentation rate on the activity of primary somatosensory cortex, we performed echo-planar functional magnetic resonance imaging using a 1.5-tesla magnetic resonance system. Eight right-handed normal volunteers underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging during somatosensory stimulation with a 0.2 ms electrical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Responses of the auditory cortex to sound during sleep have been explored with somewhat discrepant results. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of stage 1 sleep on signal intensity changes in the auditory cortex in response to pure tone stimulus measured by functional MR imaging. METHODS Six sleep-deprived(More)