Kazunori Yamaguchi

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Sialic acids are terminal acidic monosaccharides, which influence the chemical and biological features of glycoconjugates. Their removal catalyzed by a sialidase modulates various biological processes through change in conformation and creation or loss of binding sites of functional molecules. Sialidases exist widely in vertebrates and also in a variety of(More)
Human plasma membrane-associated sialidase (Neu3) is unique in specifically hydrolyzing gangliosides, thought to participate in cell differentiation and transmembrane signaling, thereby playing crucial roles in the regulation of cell surface functions. We have discovered levels of mRNA for this sialidase to be increased in restricted cases of human colon(More)
The long non-coding RNA HOTAIR has been reported to be a poor prognostic biomarker in a variety of malignant tumors. However, little is known about the association of HOTAIR with gastric cancer. We examined the expression of HOTAIR in 68 gastric cancer samples using quantitative real-time RT-PCR and analyzed its correlation with the clinical parameters. The(More)
Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza), two extensively used clinically effective anti-influenza drugs, are viral sialidase (also known as neuraminidase) inhibitors that prevent the release of progeny virions and thereby limit the spread of infection. Recently mortalities and neuropsychiatric events have been reported with the use of oseltamivir,(More)
The neurons in the trigeminal ganglion (TG) are surrounded by satellite glial cells (SGCs), which passively support the function of the neurons, but little is known about the interactions between SGCs and TG neurons after peripheral nerve injury. To examine the effect of nerve injury on SGCs, we investigated the activation of SGCs after neuronal damage due(More)
We describe herein the enzyme behavior of MmNEU3, the plasma membrane-associated sialidase from mouse (Mus musculus). MmNEU3 is localized at the plasma membrane as demonstrated directly by confocal microscopy analysis. In addition, administration of the radiolabeled ganglioside GD1a to MmNEU3-transfected cells, under conditions that prevent lysosomal(More)
Based on the human cDNA sequence predicted to represent the NEU4 sialidase gene in public databases, a cDNA covering the entire coding sequence was isolated from human brain and expressed in mammalian cells. The cDNA encodes two isoforms: one possessing an N-terminal 12-amino-acid sequence that is predicted to be a mitochondrial targeting sequence, and the(More)
Mammalian sialidases, glycosidases responsible for the removal of sialic acids from glycoproteins and glycolipids, has been implicated to participate in many biological processes as well as in lysosomal catabolism. Among those forms identified to date, plasma membrane-associated sialidase, Neu3, is a key enzyme in degradation of gangliosides, for which it(More)
Altered sialylation of glycosphingolipids is observed in cancer as a ubiquitous phenotype, leading to the appearance of tumor-associated antigens, aberrant adhesion and disturbance of transmembrane signaling. To understand the pathological significance of aberrant alterations of gangliosides in cancer, our studies have been focused on sialidase, which is(More)
Several recent studies have revealed that microRNAs (miRNAs) have a role in carcinogenesis and cancer development, and that it is stably detectable in plasma/serum. The aim of this study was to test whether miR‑483-3p as well as miR‑21 could be plasma biomarkers for PDAC. The plasma samples were obtained from three groups including 32 pancreatic ductal(More)