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We describe herein the enzyme behavior of MmNEU3, the plasma membrane-associated sialidase from mouse (Mus musculus). MmNEU3 is localized at the plasma membrane as demonstrated directly by confocal microscopy analysis. In addition, administration of the radiolabeled ganglioside GD1a to MmNEU3-transfected cells, under conditions that prevent lysosomal(More)
Human plasma membrane-associated sialidase (Neu3) is unique in specifically hydrolyzing gangliosides, thought to participate in cell differentiation and transmembrane signaling, thereby playing crucial roles in the regulation of cell surface functions. We have discovered levels of mRNA for this sialidase to be increased in restricted cases of human colon(More)
The long non-coding RNA HOTAIR has been reported to be a poor prognostic biomarker in a variety of malignant tumors. However, little is known about the association of HOTAIR with gastric cancer. We examined the expression of HOTAIR in 68 gastric cancer samples using quantitative real-time RT-PCR and analyzed its correlation with the clinical parameters. The(More)
Sialic acids are terminal acidic monosaccharides, which influence the chemical and biological features of glycoconjugates. Their removal catalyzed by a sialidase modulates various biological processes through change in conformation and creation or loss of binding sites of functional molecules. Sialidases exist widely in vertebrates and also in a variety of(More)
Aberrant sialylation in cancer cells is thought to be a characteristic feature associated with malignant properties including invasiveness and metastatic potential. Sialidase which catalyzes the removal of sialic acid residues from glycoproteins and glycolipids, has been suggested to play important roles in many biological processes through regulation of(More)
Based on the human cDNA sequence predicted to represent the NEU4 sialidase gene in public databases, a cDNA covering the entire coding sequence was isolated from human brain and expressed in mammalian cells. The cDNA encodes two isoforms: one possessing an N-terminal 12-amino-acid sequence that is predicted to be a mitochondrial targeting sequence, and the(More)
Sialidase Neu4 is reported to be dominantly expressed in the mouse brain, but its functional significance is not fully understood. We previously demonstrated that sialidase Neu3, also rich in mouse brain, is up-regulated during neuronal differentiation with involvement in acceleration of neurite formation. To elucidate physiological functions of Neu4, as(More)
Plasma membrane-associated sialidase is a key enzyme for ganglioside hydrolysis, thereby playing crucial roles in regulation of cell surface functions. Here we demonstrate that mice overexpressing the human ortholog (NEU3) develop diabetic phenotype by 18-22 weeks associated with hyperinsulinemia, islet hyperplasia, and increased beta-cell mass. As compared(More)
We have found previously that human plasma-membrane-associated sialidase (NEU3), a key glycosidase for ganglioside degradation, was markedly up-regulated in human colon cancers, with an involvement in suppression of apoptosis. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying increased NEU3 expression, in the present study we investigated its role in cell(More)
This paper presents a method of evaluating game tree search methods including standard min-max search with heuristic evaluation functions and Monte Carlo tree search, which recently achieved drastic improvements in the strength of Computer Go programs. The basic idea of this paper is to use an averaged win probability of positions having similar evaluation(More)