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Sialic acids are terminal acidic monosaccharides, which influence the chemical and biological features of glycoconjugates. Their removal catalyzed by a sialidase modulates various biological processes through change in conformation and creation or loss of binding sites of functional molecules. Sialidases exist widely in vertebrates and also in a variety of(More)
Several recent studies have revealed that microRNAs (miRNAs) have a role in carcinogenesis and cancer development, and that it is stably detectable in plasma/serum. The aim of this study was to test whether miR‑483-3p as well as miR‑21 could be plasma biomarkers for PDAC. The plasma samples were obtained from three groups including 32 pancreatic ductal(More)
Sialidase Neu4 is reported to be dominantly expressed in the mouse brain, but its functional significance is not fully understood. We previously demonstrated that sialidase Neu3, also rich in mouse brain, is up-regulated during neuronal differentiation with involvement in acceleration of neurite formation. To elucidate physiological functions of Neu4, as(More)
This paper presents a method of evaluating game tree search methods including standard min-max search with heuristic evaluation functions and Monte Carlo tree search, which recently achieved drastic improvements in the strength of Computer Go programs. The basic idea of this paper is to use an averaged win probability of positions having similar evaluation(More)
Recent improvements to Monte Carlo tree search have produced strong computer Go programs. This paper presents a method of measuring the accuracy of Monte Carlo tree search in game programming. We use the win percentage of positions in a large database of game records as a benchmark and compare the win probability obtained by simulations with the benchmark.(More)
Human plasma membrane-associated sialidase (Neu3) is unique in specifically hydrolyzing gangliosides, thought to participate in cell differentiation and transmembrane signaling, thereby playing crucial roles in the regulation of cell surface functions. We have discovered levels of mRNA for this sialidase to be increased in restricted cases of human colon(More)
We describe herein the enzyme behavior of MmNEU3, the plasma membrane-associated sialidase from mouse (Mus musculus). MmNEU3 is localized at the plasma membrane as demonstrated directly by confocal microscopy analysis. In addition, administration of the radiolabeled ganglioside GD1a to MmNEU3-transfected cells, under conditions that prevent lysosomal(More)
The long non-coding RNA HOTAIR has been reported to be a poor prognostic biomarker in a variety of malignant tumors. However, little is known about the association of HOTAIR with gastric cancer. We examined the expression of HOTAIR in 68 gastric cancer samples using quantitative real-time RT-PCR and analyzed its correlation with the clinical parameters. The(More)
Human plasma membrane-associated sialidase (NEU3), specifically hydrolyzing gangliosides, plays crucial roles in the regulation of cell surface functions. Here we demonstrate that NEU3 mRNA level are increased in renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) compared with adjacent non-tumor tissues, significantly correlating with elevation of interleukin-6 (IL-6), a(More)
The ganglioside-specific sialidase Neu3 has been suggested to play essential roles in regulation of cell surface functions because of its major localization in the plasma membrane and strict substrate preference for gangliosides involved in signal transduction. Here we show that human Neu3 sialidase is enriched in caveolae microdomains and closely(More)