Kazunori Takemoto

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5'-Deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5'-DFUR) was parenterally and orally effective on various transplantable tumors and its activity was better than that of other fluorinated pyrimidines. However, like 5-fluorouracil and 2'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (FUdR), 5'-DFUR was ineffective on L1210 leukemia resistant to 5-fluorouracil, suggesting that it would exert its antitumor(More)
Ro09-0198 is a cyclic peptide isolated from Streptoverticillium griseoverticillatum. This peptide caused permeability increase and aggregation of liposomes containing phosphatidylethanolamine. Liposomes containing phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylinositol or cardiolipin instead of phosphatidylethanolamine were, however, not appreciably reactive with the(More)
Background: Catalase deficiency (acatalasemia) is sensitive to alloxan, and the administration to acatalasemic mice develops hyperglycemia under mild conditions. However, the mechanism is still poorly understood. Methods: Alloxan was used to induce the oxidative stress and intraperitoneally administered to acatalasemic and normal mice. The blood samples of(More)
Root of burdock contains high amounts of dietary fibers and polyphenols. To improve the functional properties, the root was fermented with Aspergillus awamori. Effect of the fermented burdock on alloxan-induced mouse diabetes was examined. A diet containing the 5% fermented burdock powers was prepared to examine effect of the burdock diet on alloxan-induced(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We previously established hepatitis C virus (HCV) replicon-harboring cell lines possessing two interferon (IFN)-resistant phenotypes: a partially resistant phenotype (alphaR series) and a severely resistant phenotype (betaR series). We recently found that the severe IFN resistance of the betaR-series cells is caused by the functional(More)
BACKGROUND Alloxan induces oxidative stress and hyperglycemia in animal models. Acatalasemic (catalase deficiency) mice are susceptible to alloxan-induced hyperglycemia. As the incidence of hyperglycemia induced by alloxan was reportedly improved when mice were fed a vitamin E supplemented diet, this protective effect was examined. METHODS Acatalasemic(More)
We previously developed a cell-based luciferase reporter assay system for monitoring genome-length hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA replication (OR6 assay system). Here, we aimed to develop a new living cell-based reporter assay system using enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). Genome-length HCV RNAs encoding EGFP were introduced into a subline of HuH-7(More)
BACKGROUND Hydrogen peroxide is enzymatically processed by catalase, and catalase deficiency in blood is known as acatalasemia. We examined whether low catalase activity is a risk factor for diabetes mellitus. METHODS Blood glucose, insulin and glucose tolerance test were examined in acatalasemic and normal mice under non-stress and oxidative stress(More)
OBJECTIVES Alloxan generates hydrogen peroxide in the body, and a small amount of alloxan administered to acatalasemic mice results in diabetes. D-α-Tocopherol (vitamin E) is an antioxidant which helps prevent excess oxidation in the body. In this study, we examined the effect of vitamin E on diabetes caused by alloxan administration in mice. METHODS Mice(More)
Ro09-0198, a cyclic peptide isolated from culture filtrates of Streptoverticillium griseoverticillatum, induced lysis of erythrocytes. Preincubation of the peptide with phosphatidylethanolamine reduced the hemolytic activity, whereas other phospholipids present in erythrocytes in nature had no effect. A study of the structural requirements on(More)