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The distribution of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and their association with age, sex, and atherosclerotic risk factors were studied in a large Japanese population between 1992 and 1995. The subjects consisted of 2,275 males and 3,832 females aged 30 years and over. CRP was measured by nephelometry. The distribution of CRP was highly skewed toward a(More)
BACKGROUND Although sleep is one of the most important health-related factors, relationship between sleep duration and mortality has not been fully discussed. METHODS Study subjects were 11,325 participants (4,419 males and 6,906 females) in the Jichi Medical School Cohort Study, a population-based prospective study. Baseline data were obtained by(More)
OBJECTIVES This study compared the separate effects produced by two complementary stress models--the job demand-control model and the effort-reward imbalance model--on depression among employees threatened by job loss. METHODS A cross-sectional analysis was conducted to examine these associations among 190 male and female employees who responded to a(More)
Associations between job characteristics defined by the Karasek's job demand-control model and health behaviors were investigated in a cross-sectional analysis of 6,759 Japanese rural workers. High psychological demands were associated with heavy smoking, exaggerated prevalence of alcohol drinking, and high work-related physical activity. Low job control(More)
It has been reported that subjects with prehypertension (pre-HT) (systolic blood pressure [SBP] 120-139 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] 80-89 mmHg) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We evaluated the prevalence and determinants of pre-HT in a Japanese general population. We enrolled 4,706 males and 7,342 females aged 18 to 90(More)
We prospectively investigated the association between psychosocial job characteristics according to the job demand-control model and the risk of mortality in a Japanese community-based working population. A baseline examination conducted from 1992 to 1995 determined the socioeconomic, behavioural, and biological risks in addition to the psychosocial job(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome is known to increase morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. The National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Expert Panel III in 2001 (revised in 2005) and the Japanese definition of metabolic syndrome were launched in 2005. No study regarding the association between metabolic syndrome by Japanese(More)
BACKGROUND The last nationwide survey of Kawasaki disease in Japan was conducted in 2003; the epidemiologic features of the disease in Japan since then are unknown. METHODS All the hospitals with a pediatric department and a bed capacity of > or =100, or hospitals having a bed capacity of <100 but specializing in pediatrics in Japan were asked to report(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to describe the results of nationwide epidemiologic surveys of Kawasaki disease for the 4 year period 1999-2002. METHODS The design is a retrospective incidence survey. The patients reported in these two surveys are all new patients who were reported during the two study periods (1999-2000 and 2001-2002),(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports indicated that the incidence rate of stroke was higher in Japan than in Western countries, but the converse was true in the case of myocardial infarction (MI). However, few population-based studies on the incidence rates of stroke and MI have been conducted in Japan. METHODS The Jichi Medical School (JMS) Cohort Study is a(More)