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A novel intracellular pH-sensitive polymeric micelle drug carrier that controls the systemic, local, and subcellular distributions of pharmacologically active drugs has been developed in this study. The micelles were prepared from self-assembling amphiphilic block copolymers, poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(aspartate hydrazone adriamycin), in which the(More)
The remarkably enhanced gene silencing in hepatoma cells was achieved by assembling lactosylated-PEG-siRNA conjugates bearing acid-labile beta-thiopropionate linkages into polyion complex (PIC) micelles through the mixing with poly(l-lysine). The PIC micelles with clustered lactose moieties on the periphery were successfully transported into hepatoma cells(More)
Polymeric micelles, self-assemblies of block copolymers, are promising nanocarrier systems for drug and gene delivery. Until now, several micellar formulations of antitumor drugs have been intensively studied in preclinical and clinical trials, and their utility has been demonstrated. Even compared with long-circulating liposomes, polymeric micelles might(More)
Polymeric micelles incorporating cisplatin (CDDP) were prepared through the polymer-metal complex formation between CDDP and poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(glutamic acid) block copolymers, and their utility as a tumor-targeted drug delivery system was investigated. CDDP-incorporated micelles (CDDP/m) had a size of 28 nm with remarkably narrow distribution.(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta plays a pivotal role in regulation of progression of cancer through effects on tumor microenvironment as well as on cancer cells. TGF-beta inhibitors have recently been shown to prevent the growth and metastasis of certain cancers. However, there may be adverse effects caused by TGF-beta signaling inhibition, including(More)
A novel cytoplasmic delivery system of antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (asODN) was developed by assembling a PEG-asODN conjugate with disulfide linkage (smart linkage) (PEG-SS-asODN) into polyion complex (PIC) micelles through the complexation with branched poly(ethylenimine) (B-PEI). The PIC micelle thus prepared showed a significant antisense effect(More)
Nonviral vectors for gene therapy have recently received an increased impetus because of the inherent safety problems of the viral vectors, while their transfection efficiency is generally low compared to the viral vectors. The lack of the ability to escape from the endosomal compartments is believed to be one of the critical barriers to the intracellular(More)
PEGylated polyplexes (lac-PEGylated polyplexes) composed of poly(L-lysine) and lactosylated poly(ethylene glycol)-small interfering RNA conjugate, which inhibits the RecQL1 gene product, were revealed to show an appreciable growth inhibition of multicellular HuH-7 spheroids (human hepatocarcinoma cell lines) for up to 21 days (IC(50)=6 nM); this system used(More)
A block catiomer polyplex, showing a high stability in the extracellular medium and an efficient release of plasmid DNA (pDNA) in the intracellular compartment, was developed by controlling both the cationic charge and disulfide cross-linking densities of the backbone polycations. Poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(L-lysine) block copolymer (PEG-PLL) was thiolated(More)
Restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention continues to be a serious problem in clinical cardiology. Recent advances in nanoparticle technology have enabled us to deliver an antiproliferative drug selectively to the balloon-injured artery for a longer time. NK911, which is a core-shell nanoparticle of polyethyleneglycol-based block copolymer(More)