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A novel intracellular pH-sensitive polymeric micelle drug carrier that controls the systemic, local, and subcellular distributions of pharmacologically active drugs has been developed in this study. The micelles were prepared from self-assembling amphiphilic block copolymers, poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(aspartate hydrazone adriamycin), in which the(More)
The remarkably enhanced gene silencing in hepatoma cells was achieved by assembling lactosylated-PEG-siRNA conjugates bearing acid-labile beta-thiopropionate linkages into polyion complex (PIC) micelles through the mixing with poly(l-lysine). The PIC micelles with clustered lactose moieties on the periphery were successfully transported into hepatoma cells(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta plays a pivotal role in regulation of progression of cancer through effects on tumor microenvironment as well as on cancer cells. TGF-beta inhibitors have recently been shown to prevent the growth and metastasis of certain cancers. However, there may be adverse effects caused by TGF-beta signaling inhibition, including(More)
Stable biodegradable nanogels cross-linked with disulfide linkages were prepared by inverse miniemulsion atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). These nanogels could be used for targeted drug delivery scaffolds for biomedical applications. The nanogels had a uniformly cross-linked network, which can improve control over the release of encapsulated(More)
Polymeric micelles, self-assemblies of block copolymers, are promising nanocarrier systems for drug and gene delivery. Until now, several micellar formulations of antitumor drugs have been intensively studied in preclinical and clinical trials, and their utility has been demonstrated. Even compared with long-circulating liposomes, polymeric micelles might(More)
Complex formation of poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(L-lysine) (PEG-PLL) AB type block copolymer with salmon testes DNA or Col E1 plasmid DNA in aqueous milieu was studied. The PLL segment of PEG-PLL interacts with nucleic acid through an electrostatic force to form a water-soluble complex associate with a diameter of ca. 50 nm. PEG segments surrounding the core(More)
This review describes our recent efforts on the design and preparation of intelligent polymeric micelles from functional poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(amino acid) (PEG-PAA) block copolymers. The polymeric micelles feature a spherical sub-100 nm core-shell structure in which anticancer drugs are loaded avoiding undesirable interactions in vivo. Chemical(More)
Polymeric micelles incorporating cisplatin (CDDP) were prepared through the polymer-metal complex formation between CDDP and poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(glutamic acid) block copolymers, and their utility as a tumor-targeted drug delivery system was investigated. CDDP-incorporated micelles (CDDP/m) had a size of 28 nm with remarkably narrow distribution.(More)
Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are one of the most powerful tools in regeneration medicine. Their low differentiation efficiency, however, limits further application of MSCs in clinical therapy. Here we report that a much higher multipotent differentiation efficiency of MSCs to adult cells can be achieved using a 3D spheroid culture method based(More)
Supramolecular associates of DNA with Poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(L-lysine) block copolymers (PEG-PLL) were prepared in aqueous milieu, and the water solubility under charge-neutralized (stoichiometric) conditions was maintained. Associates thus prepared achieved remarkable resistance against nuclease attack, probably due to the formation of PEG palisade(More)