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Polymeric micelles incorporating cisplatin (CDDP) were prepared through the polymer-metal complex formation between CDDP and poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(glutamic acid) block copolymers, and their utility as a tumor-targeted drug delivery system was investigated. CDDP-incorporated micelles (CDDP/m) had a size of 28 nm with remarkably narrow distribution.(More)
During fasting, animals maintain their energy balance by shifting their energy source from carbohydrates to triglycerides. However, the trigger for this switch has not yet been entirely elucidated. Here we show that a selective hepatic vagotomy slows the speed of fat consumption by attenuating sympathetic nerve-mediated lipolysis in adipose tissue. Hepatic(More)
Messenger RNA (mRNA) introduction is a promising approach to produce therapeutic proteins and peptides without any risk of insertion mutagenesis into the host genome. However, it is difficult to introduce mRNA in vivo mainly because of the instability of mRNA under physiological conditions and its strong immunogenicity through the recognition by Toll-like(More)
Hypotaurine is an intermediate in taurine biosynthesis from cysteine in astrocytes. Although hypotaurine functions as an antioxidant and organic osmolyte, its physiological role in the central nervous system remains unclear. This study used behavioral assessments to determine whether hypotaurine influenced nociceptive transmission in acute, inflammatory,(More)
Dramatic advances in biological research have revealed the mechanisms underlying many diseases at the molecular level. However, conventional techniques may be inadequate for direct application of this new knowledge to medical treatments. Nanobiotechnology, which integrates biology with the rapidly growing field of nanotechnology, has great potential to(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the accumulation of new photosensitizers (PSs), dendrimer porphyrin (DP, free DP), and DP encapsulation into polymeric micelles (DP-micelle) and the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in an experimental corneal neovascularization model in mice. METHODS Corneal neovascularization was induced by suturing 10-0 nylon 1 mm away from(More)
An efficient targeting delivery technology is needed for functional oligonucleotides to exert their potential effect on the target gene without an adverse effect in vivo. Development of enteral delivery systems for nucleic acids is a major challenge because of their large molecular size and instability. Here, we describe a new enteral delivery technique(More)
We describe the development and application of intravital confocal micro-videography to visualize entrance, distribution, and clearance of drugs within various tissues and organs. We use a Nikon A1R confocal laser scanning microscope system attached to an upright ECLIPSE FN1. The Nikon A1R allows simultaneous four channel acquisition and speed of 30 frames(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) are recognized therapeutic agents for the modulation of specific genes at the post-transcriptional level. Similar to any medical drugs, there are opportunities to improve their efficacy and safety. Here we develop a short DNA/RNA heteroduplex oligonucleotide (HDO) with a structure different from double-stranded RNA used for(More)