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The hypocalcemic effect of salmon calcitonin (sCT) after intravenous administration was explained on the basis of an integrated pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model with the endogenous Ca regulatory system in the rat. The pharmacokinetics of sCT described by a conventional two-compartment model showed the extremely rapid elimination of sCT from(More)
Surface electromyogram (EMG), blood pressure (BP), blink rate (BR) and heart rate (HR) were recorded before and during 4 types of mental task. The mental task involved 3 tasks that encompassed the memory (M), visual search (VS) and color-word (CW) tasks besides the control task (CT) of maintaining a similar posture while focusing on a single spot on the(More)
Despite several studies suggesting that CYP3A5 expression can influence the extent of hepatic CYP3A-mediated inhibition, a systematic in vitro-in vivo evaluation of this potential clinically important issue has not been reported. Using representative probes from two distinct CYP3A substrate subgroups (midazolam, erythromycin), the inhibitory potency of(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the hedonic properties of odors and the attention of subjects on components of the olfactory event-related potentials (OERP). The subjects were seven healthy male students. Two odors (orange and eugenol) of different hedonic properties were presented to the subjects via a constant-flow(More)
The objectives of this study were to characterize and compare the metabolic profile of cyclosporine A (CsA) catalyzed by CYP3A4, CYP3A5 and human kidney and liver microsomes, and to evaluate the impact of the CYP3A5 polymorphism on product formation from parent drug and its primary metabolites. Three primary CsA metabolites (AM1, AM9 and AM4N) were produced(More)
We prepared two kinds of surface-coated liposomes and investigated their potencies as oral dosage forms for peptide drugs by focusing on their effects on the gastrointestinal (GI) transit of drugs. The surface of the liposomes was coated with poly(ethylene glycol) 2000 (PEG-Lip) or the sugar chain of mucin (Mucin-Lip). As a model peptide drug, insulin was(More)
Etoposide and morphine are well known P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrates. The pharmacokinetic effect of morphine on plasma etoposide concentration after the oral concomitant use of etoposide and morphine in rats was assessed using a population analysis approach. A P-gp substrate quinidine and the anticholinergic drug propantheline were also administered with(More)
UNLABELLED Myocardial imaging with 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) was performed on 35 patients with Parkinson's disease and 24 control subjects to evaluate cardiac sympathetic function in patients with Parkinson's disease, verify this phenomenon and examine whether myocardial MIBG uptake and clearance are correlated with the clinical severity of(More)