Kazunori Gomi

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Gefitinib is an oral selective inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase that is an effective treatment for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer who do not respond to platinum-based chemotherapy. We assessed four patients who had non-small cell lung cancer causing severe acute interstitial pneumonia in association with(More)
PURPOSE Amrubicin, a new anthracycline agent, and topotecan are both active for previously treated small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). No comparative study of these agents has been reported. This randomized phase II study was conducted to select amrubicin or topotecan for future evaluation. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with SCLC previously treated with(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To clarify how mannose-binding lectin (MBL) participates in the pulmonary defense system. DESIGN Multicenter retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS Sixty-two patients with unexplained recurrent respiratory infections, 50 patients with nontuberculous mycobacterial infection, 23 patients with aspergillosis, and 49 patients with diffuse(More)
In this study, we investigated the in vitro efficacy of clarithromycin (CLA) combined with cefazolin (CFZ) or vancomycin (VCM) against Staphylococcus aureus biofilms formed on titanium devices in order to confirm the efficacy of eradication therapies against device-related infection. The distribution of CLA in muscle tissue surrounding bone was also(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcal biofilms pose an important problem, especially after orthopedic surgery using foreign implants. Clarithromycin (CAM) eliminates the biofilms formed by a wide variety of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. In a previous in vitro study, we showed that treatment with CAM and vancomycin (VCM) eradicated staphylococcal biofilms from(More)
Erythromycin and other macrolides are effective for the treatment of chronic inflammatory airway diseases such as diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB) and chronic sinusitis. The effect of macrolides in DPB is suggested to be anti-inflammatory rather than antibacterial. We investigated the effects of clarithromycin on interleukin-8 (IL-8) production using human(More)
Legionnaires' disease is clinically manifested as severe pneumonia caused by Legionella pneumophila. However, the dendritic cell (DC)-centered immunological framework of the host defense against L. pneumophila has not been fully delineated. For this study, we focused on a potent chemoattractant for lymphocytes, fractalkine/CX3CL1, and observed that the(More)
Legionella pneumophila is the causative pathogen of Legionnaires' disease, which is characterized by severe pneumonia. In regard to the pathophysiology of Legionella infection, the role of inflammatory phagocytes such as macrophages has been well documented, but the involvement of dendritic cells (DCs) has not been clarified. In this study, we have(More)
We conducted this phase II study to explore the efficacy and safety of weekly paclitaxel combined with carboplatin in elderly patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Elderly patients (> or = 70 years old) of stage IIIB, IV, or recurrent NSCLC with PS 0 or 1 were enrolled. Patients received paclitaxel at a dose of 70 mg/m2 on Days 1, 8,(More)
We previously reported that Taxol, which mimics the action of LPS on murine macrophages, induces signals via mouse TLR4/MD-2, but not via human TLR4/MD-2. Here we investigated the molecular basis for this species-specific action of Taxol. Expression of mouse MD-2 conferred both LPS and Taxol responsiveness on HEK293 cells expressing mouse TLR4, whereas(More)