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BACKGROUND In preimplantation mouse embryos, the first cell fate specification to the trophectoderm or inner cell mass occurs by the early blastocyst stage. The cell fate is controlled by cell position-dependent Hippo signaling, although the mechanisms underlying position-dependent Hippo signaling are unknown. RESULTS We show that a combination of cell(More)
We have previously shown that during early Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis PKC-3, a C. elegans atypical PKC (aPKC), plays critical roles in the establishment of cell polarity required for subsequent asymmetric cleavage by interacting with PAR-3 [Tabuse, Y., Y. Izumi, F. Piano, K.J. Kemphues, J. Miwa, and S. Ohno. 1998. Development (Camb.).(More)
PKClambda is implicated as a downstream effector of PI3K in insulin action. We show here that mice that lack PKClambda specifically in the liver (L-lambdaKO mice), produced with the use of the Cre-loxP system, exhibit increased insulin sensitivity as well as a decreased triglyceride content and reduced expression of the sterol regulatory element-binding(More)
In developing mammalian telencephalon, the loss of adherens junctions and cell cycle exit represent crucial steps in the differentiation of neuroepithelial cells into neurons, but the relationship between these cellular events remains obscure. Atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) is known to contribute to junction formation in epithelial cells and to cell fate(More)
The organisation of individual cells into a functional three-dimensional tissue is still a major question in developmental biology. Modulation of epithelial cell shape is a critical driving force in forming tissues. This is well illustrated in the eye lens where epithelial cells elongate extensively during their differentiation into fibre cells. It is at(More)
Altered regulation of insulin secretion by glucose is characteristic of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, although the mechanisms that underlie this change remain unclear. We have now generated mice that lack the lambda isoform of PKC in pancreatic beta cells (betaPKClambda(-/-) mice) and show that these animals manifest impaired glucose tolerance(More)
Paget's disease is a skin cancer characterized by characteristic (Paget) cells scattered in the epidermis. Although its prognosis is generally favorable with surgical resection, the clinical outcome turns unfavorable in cases with recurrence and metastasis. Therefore, establishment of effective therapeutic regimens is required for advanced Paget's disease.(More)
Epithelial cysts are one of the fundamental architectures for mammalian organogenesis. Although in vitro studies using cultured epithelial cells have revealed proteins required for cyst formation, the mechanisms that orchestrate the functions of these proteins in vivo remain to be clarified. We show that the targeted disruption of the mouse Par3 gene(More)
The atypical protein kinase C (aPKC)-partition-defective (PAR) complex regulates the formation of tight junctions and apico-basal epithelial polarity. To examine the role of this complex in the epidermis, we generated mutant mice harboring epidermal-specific deletion of aPKCλ (conditional knock-out (cKO)), a major component of the aPKC-PAR complex. The(More)
Atypical protein kinase C λ/ι (aPKCλ/ι) is a regulator of epithelial cellular polarity. It is also overexpressed in several cancers and functions in cell proliferation and invasion. Therefore, we hypothesized that aPKCλ/ι may be involved in development and progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), the precancerous disease of cervical cancer(More)