Learn More
We have previously shown that during early Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis PKC-3, a C. elegans atypical PKC (aPKC), plays critical roles in the establishment of cell polarity required for subsequent asymmetric cleavage by interacting with PAR-3 [Tabuse, Y., Y. Izumi, F. Piano, K.J. Kemphues, J. Miwa, and S. Ohno. 1998. Development (Camb.).(More)
In developing mammalian telencephalon, the loss of adherens junctions and cell cycle exit represent crucial steps in the differentiation of neuroepithelial cells into neurons, but the relationship between these cellular events remains obscure. Atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) is known to contribute to junction formation in epithelial cells and to cell fate(More)
BACKGROUND In preimplantation mouse embryos, the first cell fate specification to the trophectoderm or inner cell mass occurs by the early blastocyst stage. The cell fate is controlled by cell position-dependent Hippo signaling, although the mechanisms underlying position-dependent Hippo signaling are unknown. RESULTS We show that a combination of cell(More)
Intracerebral dialysis was used to study the mechanism underlying behavioral sensitization. Rats were divided into two groups: a control group that received intraperitoneal injections of saline and an experimental group that was given methamphetamine (MAP) (4 mg/kg) once a day for 14 days. Seven days after the last injection, dopamine (DA) and its(More)
The photoreceptor is a highly polarized neuron and also has epithelial characteristics such as adherens junctions. To investigate the mechanisms of polarity formation of the photoreceptor cells, we conditionally knocked out atypical protein kinase Clambda (aPKClambda), which has been proposed to play a critical role in the establishment of epithelial and(More)
Repeated administration of cocaine in animals results in behavioral sensitization. In order to investigate the neurochemical mechanism underlying such behavioral sensitization, we designed the following two experiments. In both experiments, rats were pretreated with cocaine (20 mg/kg i.p.) or saline, once daily for 14 consecutive days. Exp. 1: 7 days after(More)
Understanding the mechanism by which hormone refractory pros-tate cancer (HRPC) develops remains a major issue. Alterations in HRPC include androgen receptor (AR) changes. In addition, the AR is activated by cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6). Atypical protein kinase C (aPKC␭/␫) has been implicated in the progression of several cancers. Herein, we(More)
Glomerular visceral epithelial cells (podocytes) contain interdigitated processes that form specialized intercellular junctions, termed slit diaphragms, which provide a selective filtration barrier in the renal glomerulus. Analyses of disease-causing mutations in familial nephrotic syndromes and targeted mutagenesis in mice have revealed critical roles of(More)
Cell polarity plays a critical role in neuronal differentiation during development of the central nervous system (CNS). Recent studies have established the significance of atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) and its interacting partners, which include PAR-3, PAR-6 and Lgl, in regulating cell polarization during neuronal differentiation. However, their roles in(More)