Kazunobu Okazaki

Learn More
We tested the hypothesis that women have blunted sympathetic neural responses to orthostatic stress compared with men, which may be elicited under hypovolemic conditions. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and hemodynamics were measured in eight healthy young women and seven men in supine position and during 6 min of 60 degrees head-up tilt (HUT)(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether high-intensity interval walking training increased thigh muscle strength and peak aerobic capacity and reduced blood pressure more than moderate-intensity continuous walking training. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS From May 18, 2004, to October 15, 2004 (5-month study period), 60 men and 186 women with a mean +/- SD age of 63 +/- 6(More)
Aging results in marked abnormalities of cardiovascular regulation. Regular exercise can improve many of these age-related abnormalities. However, it remains unclear how much exercise is optimal to achieve this improvement or whether the elderly can ever improve autonomic control by exercise training to a degree similar to that observed in healthy young(More)
We assessed the effects of aerobic and/or resistance training on thermoregulatory responses in older men and analyzed the results in relation to the changes in peak oxygen consumption rate (VO(2 peak)) and blood volume (BV). Twenty-three older men [age, 64 +/- 1 (SE) yr; VO(2 peak), 32.7 +/- 1.1 ml. kg(-1). min(-1)] were divided into three training regimens(More)
We examined whether protein-carbohydrate (CHO) supplementation immediately after exercise each day during aerobic training facilitated plasma volume (PV) expansion and thermoregulatory and cardiovascular adaptations in older men. Fourteen moderately active older men [68 +/- 5 (SD) yr] were divided into two groups so as to have no significant differences in(More)
Young women are more susceptible to orthostatic intolerance than men, though the sex-specific pathophysiology remains unknown. As blood pressure (BP) is regulated through the baroreflex mechanism, we tested the hypothesis that baroreflex control of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during orthostasis is impaired in women and can be affected by the(More)
We examined whether enhanced cardiovascular and thermoregulatory responses during exercise after short-term aerobic training in a warm environment were reversed when plasma volume (PV) expansion was reversed by acute isotonic hypohydration. Seven young men performed aerobic training at the 70% peak oxygen consumption rate (Vo(₂peak)) at 30°C atmospheric(More)
NEW FINDINGS What is the central question of this study? Recently, the heterogeneity of the cerebral arterial circulation has been argued. Orthostatic tolerance may be associated with an orthostatic stress-induced change in blood flow in vertebral arteries rather than in internal carotid arteries, because vertebral arteries supply blood to the medulla(More)
Vasomotor sympathetic activity plays an important role in arterial pressure maintenance via the baroreflex during acute orthostasis in humans. If orthostasis is prolonged, blood pressure may be supported additionally by humoral factors with a possible reduction in sympathetic baroreflex sensitivity. We tested the hypothesis that baroreflex control of muscle(More)
BACKGROUND Spatially resolved near-infrared spectroscopy-determined frontal lobe tissue oxygenation (ScO2) is reduced with administration of phenylephrine, while cerebral blood flow may remain unaffected. We hypothesized that extracranial vasoconstriction explains the effect of phenylephrine on ScO2. METHODS We measured ScO2 and internal and external(More)