Kazunari Yoshida

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ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinases) are multifunctional molecules involved in cell-cell fusion, cell adhesion, membrane protein shedding, and proteolysis. In the present study, we examined the mRNA expression of 13 different ADAM species with putative metalloproteinase activity in human astrocytic tumors, nonneoplastic brain tissues, and other(More)
CNTF rescues various types of lesioned neurons in vivo, and it needs to be released from astrocytes into the extracellular space to have the effect. However, direct evidence for CNTF release has not been unequivocally demonstrated. We hypothesized that the rapid sequestration by CNTF receptor present on cultured astrocytes might be the cause of the(More)
Musashi1 (MSI1) is an RNA-binding protein that plays critical roles in nervous-system development and stem-cell self-renewal. Here, we examined its role in the progression of glioma. Short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-based MSI1-knock down (KD) in glioblastoma and medulloblastoma cells resulted in a significantly lower number of self renewing colony on day 30 (a 65%(More)
Supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors (sPNET) occurring in adults are rare. Only 56 such cases have been previously reported. This report documents a 56-year-old male who presented with the chief complaint of right facial palsy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed left frontal and bilateral periventricular lesions. Surgery was performed for(More)
Recent studies have revealed a significant decrease in white matter volume, including loss of myelin, with age but minimal decrease in gray matter volume (Guttmann et al., [1998] Neurology 50:972-978). Myelin is necessary for the rapid conduction of impulses along axons. Myelinated nerve includes various domains, the node of Ranvier, the paranodal region,(More)
BACKGROUND Antipsychotic-induced metabolic adversities are often difficult to manage. Using concomitant medications to counteract these adversities may be a rational option. OBJECTIVE To systematically determine the effectiveness of medications to counteract antipsychotic-induced metabolic adversities in patients with schizophrenia. DATA SOURCES(More)
OBJECT Surgery for skull base meningiomas (SBMs) can lead to complications because these lesions are difficult to approach and can involve cranial nerves and arteries. The authors propose a scoring system to evaluate the relative risks and benefits of surgical treatment of SBMs. METHODS The authors used a 2-step process to construct their scale. First,(More)
Recently, petrous apex cholesterol granulomas (CGs) have been treated via the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EEA) using a silicone tube, to prevent drainage route occlusion. Occlusion of the drainage route has led to problems with recurrence. The aim of this report is to describe the use of a surgical technique to prevent drainage route(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolic preference of malignant glioma for glycolysis as an energy source is a potential therapeutic target. As a result of the cellular heterogeneity of these tumors, however, the relation between glycolytic preference, tumor formation, and tumor cell clonogenicity has remained unknown. To address this issue, we analyzed the metabolic(More)