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OBJECTIVE To investigate cardiovascular regulation and endocrine responses during the cold pressor test in patients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN Experimental and control study. SETTING University laboratory, department of rehabilitation medicine, in Japan. PARTICIPANTS Eight quadriplegic subjects with complete spinal cord transection(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is produced by contracting skeletal muscles and then released into the circulation and considered to mediate the health benefits of exercise against chronic diseases. Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) are reported to be at higher risk of developing metabolic diseases. We investigated the IL-6 responses to 20-min arm crank(More)
We investigated the mechanism involved in paraesthesia associated with sagittal split mandibular ramus osteotomy by three-dimensional computed tomography (3-D CT). Ten female patients underwent this procedure between 1988 and 1991. The inferior alveolar neuro-vascular bundles remained intact during the sagittal osteotomy in all cases. We examined the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate homeostasis of the immune system in athletes with spinal cord injuries during and after racing a wheelchair marathon. DESIGN The study examined changes in the number and function of natural killer (NK) cells in nine male wheelchair marathon athletes (spinal cord injuries between T5 and T12) who completed the 15th Oita(More)
STUDY DESIGN Non-randomized study. OBJECTIVE We reported that individuals with cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) showed no increase in natural killer cell activity (NKCA) in response to 20-min arm exercise. It could be argued that this lack of response was owing to the short duration and intensity of the exercise. SETTING The 29th Oita International(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate a part of the immune homeostasis in recreational athletes with spinal cord injury (SCI) during and after a wheelchair half-marathon race. DESIGN Case-control study in an actual race. SETTING The half-marathon division of an international wheelchair marathon race in Japan. PARTICIPANTS Seven male wheelchair racers with SCI(More)
The substrate specificities of dynein, kinesin, and myosin substrate turnover activity and cytoskeletal filament-driven translocation were examined using 15 ATP analogues. The dyneins were more selective in their substrate utilization than bovine brain kinesin or muscle heavy meromyosin, and even different types of dyneins, such as 14S and 22S dynein from(More)
Although pressure resorption of second molars is associated with impacted and/or erupting third molars, the relationship between pressure resorption and age is unclear. In order to investigate this relationship, 3883 dental radiographs were studied in 3174 individuals of various ages. The incidence of superimposition of the second molar on the third molar(More)
To assess the effects of service dogs on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), we conducted a survey of 10 service dog owners using SF-36v2 (Medical Outcomes Study 36 Item Short-Form Health Survey Version 2.0) and compared it with a matched control group of people with physical disabilities who did not have service dogs but were eligible for one. The(More)
To elucidate the relevance of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) to the selective vulnerability of motor neurons in the spinal cord in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we investigated the distribution of mRNAs coding mGluR1-5 in the normal human spinal cord. The mRNAs for mGluR1, 4 and 5 were observed in the spinal gray matter,(More)