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BACKGROUND We previously reported the association between toothbrushing practices and diabetes mellitus (DM) and dyslipidemia (DL) in a cross-sectional study. This study was conducted to clarify whether low frequency of toothbrushing practices is an independent risk factor for DM and DL using a follow-up design. METHODS This study was a 5-year(More)
OBJECTIVES To clarify the association between toothbrushing and risk factors for cardiovascular disease--namely, hypertension (HT), diabetes mellitus (DM), dyslipidaemia (DL), hyperuricaemia (HUA) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN A large-scale, single-centre, cross-sectional study. SETTING St Luke's International Hospital, Center for Preventive(More)
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