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Following 2 weeks acclimation to the running wheel in the home cages, an i.p. injection of a synthetic double-stranded RNA, polyriboinosinic:polyribocytidylic acid (poly I:C, 3 mg/kg), was performed to produce the immunologically induced fatigue in rats. The daily amounts of spontaneous running wheel activity decreased to about 40-60% of the preinjection(More)
Similar to L-tryptophan (L-Trp), D-Trp can be converted to unique metabolites in the mammalian body. In the present study, the difference in the plasma half-life (t(1/2)) between Trp enantiomers was investigated by following the alterations in the plasma concentration of D- or L-Trp after intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of each enantiomer to male(More)
The ciliary responses of Paramecium caudatum, extracted in Triton X-100 and glycerol, to the external application of ATP and various divalent cations were examined. Ciliary beating could not be reactivated, but changes in the pointing direction of the cilia (the reorientation response) could be reactivated. The free Ca concentration determined the final(More)
We have established a fabrication process for conductive carbon nanotube (CNT) tips for multiprobe scanning tunneling microscope (STM) with high yield. This was achieved, first, by attaching a CNT at the apex of a supporting W tip by a dielectrophoresis method, second, by reinforcing the adhesion between the CNT and the W tip by electron beam deposition of(More)
The enantiomeric separation of D,L-tryptophan (Trp) and D,L-kynurenine (KYN) was investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography using pre-column fluorescence derivatization with a chiral fluorescent labeling reagent, R(-)-4-(3-isothiocyanatopyrrolidin-1-yl)-7- (N,N-dimethylaminosulfonyl)-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole [R(-)-DBD-PyNCS]. Using an(More)
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