Kazumi Kawabe

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The mechanism of cardiovascular responses to chemical stimulation of the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARCN) was studied in urethane-anesthetized adult male Wistar rats. At the baseline mean arterial pressure (BLMAP) close to normal, ARCN stimulation elicited decreases in MAP and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA). The decreases in MAP elicited by ARCN(More)
Experiments were done in urethane-anesthetized, barodenervated, male Wistar rats. Chemical stimulation of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) by unilateral microinjections of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) elicited increases in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and greater splanchnic nerve activity (GSNA). The increases in the MAP and GSNA induced by(More)
Melanocortin receptors (MCRs) are present in the intermediolateral cell column of the spinal cord (IML). We tested the hypothesis that activation of MCRs in the IML elicits cardioacceleratory responses and the source of melanocortins in the IML may be the melanocortin-containing neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARCN). Experiments were done in(More)
The presence of urocortin 3 (UCN3) and CRF2 receptors (CRF2R) has been demonstrated in brain tissue. Nucleus ambiguus (nAmb) is the predominant brain area providing parasympathetic innervation to the heart. On the basis of these reports, it was hypothesized that activation of CRF2Rs in the nAmb may elicit cardiac effects. Experiments were carried out in(More)
We have previously reported that stimulation of the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARCN) by microinjections of N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) elicits tachycardia, which is partially mediated via inhibition of vagal inputs to the heart. The neuronal pools and neurotransmitters in them mediating tachycardia elicited from the ARCN have not been identified. We(More)
We have previously reported that chemical stimulation of the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARCN) in the rat elicited increases as well as decreases in blood pressure (BP) and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA). The type of response elicited from the ARCN (i.e., increase or decrease in BP and SNA) depended on the level of baroreceptor activity which, in turn,(More)
This study was designed to examine the mechanism of heart rate (HR) responses elicited by the stimulation of hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Experiments were done in urethane-anesthetized, barodenervated, adult, male Wistar rats. Chemical stimulation of the PVN by unilateral microinjections of N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) elicited increases(More)
Exposure of experimental animals to noxious somatic stimulations sometimes induces sustained hypertension. Information regarding the medullary projections of somatic afferents and the neurotransmitters involved in them is incomplete. The present investigation in urethane-anesthetized, artificially ventilated, adult male Wistar rats was undertaken to clarify(More)
An 80-year-old man who had suffered from chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and achieved complete remission was admitted to our hospital due to right pleural effusion. Thoracentesis revealed that the effusion was chyle. Lymphoscintigraphy showed an obstruction of the thoracic duct below the sternum. CD45-gated flow cytometry of the pleural effusion showed(More)