Kazumi Kashiyama

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Although the half-value layer (HVL) is one of the important parameters for QA and QC, constant monitoring has not been performed because the measurements using an ionization chamber (IC) are time-consuming and complicated. To solve these problems, the use of radiochromic film (GAFCHROMIC XR TYPE R: GAF-R) with step-shaped aluminum (Al) filters, referred to(More)
Although the half-value layer (HVL) is one of the important parameters for quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC), constant monitoring has not been performed because measurements using an ionization chamber (IC) are time-consuming and complicated. To solve these problems, a method using radiochromic film and step-shaped aluminum (Al) filters has(More)
Relativistic outflows with neutrons inevitably lead to inelastic collisions, and resulting subphotospheric γ rays may explain prompt emission of γ-ray bursts. In this model, hadronuclear, quasithermal neutrinos in the 10-100 GeV range should be generated, and they may even have a high-energy tail by neutron-proton-converter or shock acceleration mechanisms.(More)
We study a type of particle acceleration that operates via neutron-proton conversion in inelastic nuclear collisions. This mechanism can be expected for relativistic shocks at subphotospheres if relativistic outflows contain neutrons. Using a test-particle approximation, we numerically calculate the energy spectrum and the efficiency of accelerated(More)
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